LLCU 110 Lecture 11: Writing, printing, and standardized orthography (week 6A)

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Languages, Literatures and Cultures
LLCU 110
Bronwyn Bjorkman

Writing, Printing, and Standardized Orthography + Sociolinguistics Tuesday, February 14, 2017 1:02 PM From Writing to Printing Before printing: monumental, calligraphic, cursive After printing: standardized typefaces Early Printing Blackface typefaces based on hand pen lettering (manuscript printing) Roman typefaces based on Roman standard of engraving (capital letters) and a particular type of script (miniscule letters) Writing, Orthography, and Standardization A brief history of English spelling 1400s o Introduction of printing o Rising standard based on London English 1500s o Great Vowel Shifts affects long vowels o Loss of final inflection > silent es o Loss of clusters and o Loss of sound 1604 o Table Alphabeticall by Robert Cawdrey o (First monolingual English dictionary) Result: Spelling that reflects history as much as pronunciation Early English Lexicography 1755: A Dictionary of the English Language by Samuel Johnson 1828: American Dictionary of the English Language by Noah Webster o Popularized American standard spellings: or, er, etc.) 1857: Oxford English Dictionary begun, led by James Murray o First part published 1884, last in 1928 But English never had a central Academy like the Acadmie Franaise Sociolinguistics Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to social factors What factors give rise to dialect varieties? o Geography o Class o Age o Gender
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