Philosophy 115 Week Eight Notes
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900):
- Strong Christian upbringing, father was in the clergy.
- Expected to follow in his father’s footsteps.
- Both his father and his brother passed away while he was young.
- He was raised by his mother and had a troubled relationship with his sister.
- Never earned much notoriety within his life.
- Worked in a teaching position in Sweden for ten years until he took his permanent
- Never had a real home – moved around a lot due to medical reasons – and never
had much of a romantic life either.
- His writing style was quite unique.
- He had a purposefully excessive, literary, rhetorical writing style.
- Nietzsche believed philosophy was “the personal confession of the
- He is very particular about expressing his ideas as his ideas.
Twilight of the Idols:
- Twilight of the Idols addresses the issue of a lack of conviction among the then
- The name of the book is in reference to the “setting of the sun” on convictions.
- “Idols” refers to the old ideals. This ideals are outmoded, archaic and do not stand
- Our ideals from the past have degraded into what Nietzsche calls “Idols”.
- Nietzsche summarizes our ideas under the banner of nihilism; essentially we
believe in nothing.
- He believes that for the most part, we don’t even like new ideas. The lack of
support for our various philosophical ideas is asto