Democracy demands continuous participation in but also between elections
Participation can be a broad number of things
o Petitions, voting etc.
Only 2% of people in Canada have a party membership
If there is no big election issue, the voter turnout is low
Moving from a spectator to activist society
How do democracies encourage participation?
Government initiated question asking what the citizens think
Organized group to create a position on a ballet
10% of the voting population needed for a re-election
Delegate vs. trustee
o Delegate: voiding concerns of constituents
o Trustee(tory version) elect MP because you trust the MP’s judgment