Context of politics in canada: boundaries of change: th , 2015: the state as an actor and venue of change: economic neobliberalism, social. Common sense understanding of the problems at hand and goals of policy making. 2nd change: changes the policies techniques, state comes up with new policies or revamps old ones (aka planking mechanism) 3rd change: new goods/ideology all together, paradigm shift, social movements often do this, they"re operating on a different paradigmatic view are excluded/ Gov"t includes elected officials, it can also means the party who holds the. The state is an all encompassing term, every structure in society majority legislative. Bureaucracy: unelected state members that implement policies, they are both actors and agents (they can have a large impact on policy change) Marked by two important features: division of power between two or more gov"ts-sections 91 and 92, bicameral federal legislative branch: lower house: representation by population, upper house: regional representation.