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Lecture 3

ENGL100 WEEK 3.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
John Pierce
Semester
Fall

Description
ENGL100 WEEK 3 09/23/2013 Lecture 1: If literary study is a discipline it would include: Terminology Basic theoretical approaches General methodology Systems of classifications Two main ways: contextual factors and Formal Textual Features Course focuses on Formal Textual Feat. Literary History. When? (historical periods) By Whom? (Author Studies) Where? (National Literatures) Features: Genre: Types of classes of literature.  Poetry Ideal mode of presentation: Spoken Word Presenter: Speaker Audience: Listener  Drama Acted or spoken Actor Observer and Listener Prose Fictions Written Word Narrator Reader Methods of class Central Assumption in Literary Studies: Literary Coherence Everything in the work of art has meaning. Nothing is incidental, nothing is by accident. Assume that the author never makes a mistake. Eg, Every Day: Mother makes mistakes about tv show, represents she doesn’t know everything, she  doesn’t know her daughter Maggie well either. EVERYTHING HAS A PUROPOSE Limits of Authorial Intent Intentional fallacy Design or attention of author is not available nor desirable as a standard for judging the work The inexhaustibility if interpretation There is no definitive interpretation of the work. Never an exhaustion of the meaning of the work. Sense of the past of the writer▯the work▯ resent of the reader. No interpretation is “disinterested” Does not mean im not interested Term of objectivity. No interest so it may be looked at objectively without biased. Plot: Plato: plot is the soul of tragedy, the soul of literary work. Events and actions, as they are rendered and ordered by achieving emotional effect. Reorganization of  regular life into ordered. Designed to create a response in the reader. Arrangement of things. Causality of the events.  CONFLICT: struggle between opposing forces Created by opposition to the protagonists desire, wish or goal. What’s pushing against it? Conflict heightened as protagonist attempts to face and overcome forms of opposition. Shape of plot defined by the success or failure of protagonists attempt to overcome opposition. Opposing Forces Protagonist Antagonist External Between individuals (pro vs ant) Groups Larger forces natural objects, ides, modes of behavior or public opinion. Internal Within self Opposing desired or values in protagonists own temperament. Structure Beginning▯middle▯end.   Sequence of things that are related to each other. Exposition: Basic info readers need to understand the events that follow. Complication: Marks the onset of the major conflict in the story Crisis: Turning point separating what has come before and what will come after. What will the protagonist do to fix it? Climax Point of great tension. Resolution or Denouement Set of actions bringing the story to it’s conclusion. Variants in structure may be created by the following devices: In medias res Flashbacks Foreshadowing Shift in time schemes or duration of events. Nothings always follows this pattern Plot vs Story Story is a synopsis of the temporal related events ordered as it happens.  To make connection and meaning you have to turn your story into a plot There is no such thing as a true to life story “Tristrom Shandy” tries to make a plot into a story Story: “the king died
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