ENGL100 WEEK 3 09/23/2013
If literary study is a discipline it would include:
Basic theoretical approaches
Systems of classifications
Two main ways: contextual factors and Formal Textual Features
Course focuses on Formal Textual Feat.
When? (historical periods)
By Whom? (Author Studies)
Where? (National Literatures)
Types of classes of literature.
Ideal mode of presentation: Spoken Word
Drama Acted or spoken
Observer and Listener
Methods of class
Central Assumption in Literary Studies:
Everything in the work of art has meaning. Nothing is incidental, nothing is by accident.
Assume that the author never makes a mistake.
Eg, Every Day: Mother makes mistakes about tv show, represents she doesn’t know everything, she
doesn’t know her daughter Maggie well either.
EVERYTHING HAS A PUROPOSE
Limits of Authorial Intent
Design or attention of author is not available nor desirable as a standard for judging the work
The inexhaustibility if interpretation
There is no definitive interpretation of the work.
Never an exhaustion of the meaning of the work. Sense of the past of the writer▯the work▯ resent of the reader.
No interpretation is “disinterested”
Does not mean im not interested
Term of objectivity. No interest so it may be looked at objectively without biased.
Plato: plot is the soul of tragedy, the soul of literary work.
Events and actions, as they are rendered and ordered by achieving emotional effect. Reorganization of
regular life into ordered.
Designed to create a response in the reader.
Arrangement of things. Causality of the events.
CONFLICT: struggle between opposing forces
Created by opposition to the protagonists desire, wish or goal. What’s pushing against it?
Conflict heightened as protagonist attempts to face and overcome forms of opposition.
Shape of plot defined by the success or failure of protagonists attempt to overcome opposition.
Between individuals (pro vs ant)
Larger forces natural objects, ides, modes of behavior or public opinion. Internal
Opposing desired or values in protagonists own temperament.
Sequence of things that are related to each other.
Basic info readers need to understand the events that follow.
Marks the onset of the major conflict in the story
Turning point separating what has come before and what will come after.
What will the protagonist do to fix it?
Point of great tension.
Resolution or Denouement
Set of actions bringing the story to it’s conclusion.
Variants in structure may be created by the following devices:
In medias res
Foreshadowing Shift in time schemes or duration of events.
Nothings always follows this pattern
Plot vs Story
Story is a synopsis of the temporal related events ordered as it happens.
To make connection and meaning you have to turn your story into a plot
There is no such thing as a true to life story
“Tristrom Shandy” tries to make a plot into a story
Story: “the king died