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Lecture 4

WEEK 4 ONLINE LESSON NOTES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Ingrid Johnsrude
Semester
Fall

Description
WEEK 4 ONLINE LESSON NOTES: Psychological Disorders Diagnosis via 3-Prong Test: -Clinically significant/affecting everyday life for an extended period of time -must be driven by internal factors, not external (which are more tangible and from others) -involuntary behavior -impairs everyday normality: normal, based on the person ASSESS: -genetic, psychological, health history -usual social/everyday norms -3-prong/clinical significance severity of impairment ORGANIZING MENTAL DISORDERS -using DSM-IV -outlines recognized mental disorders and specific criteria required for diagnosis -more objective process -reliable: various professionals should be able to diagnose the same disorder, using the guidelines -valid: criteria listed accurately represents symptoms of the disorder, and is a relevant means of recognizing the disorder CONS: -creates bias/labels people -categorical system is too broad (mild and severe cases lumped together) -males and females manifest symptoms differently ANXIETY DISORDERS PANIC DISORDER: -usually have AGORAPHOBIA (having a panic attack in public) -avoids situations where panic attacks are likely -hypersensitivity to physiological changes from stressors, triggers sympathetic system, panic cycle SOCIAL PHOBIA: -intense fear of public situations that could lead to embarrassment or humiliation -develops after pubescence SPECIFIC PHOBIA: -intense, irrational fear of a specific thing -usually a thing or situation OCD: -obsessions (recurrent, unwanted thoughts that you recognize as irrational) -compulsions (repetitive behaviors or specific rituals to counteract anxiety from obsessions) PTSD: -develops after a traumatic experience -intense fear to specific triggers -re-experience through flash-backs, dreams, hallucinations, distressing thoughts -avoids people, places, and things that remind them of the event -declining relationships -physiological symptoms (sleeping, eating, concentrating) GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER (GAD): -excessive and uncontrollable worrying about
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