Class Notes (809,049)
Canada (493,506)
Psychology (1,978)
PSYC 100 (1,087)
Lecture 2

PSYC100 13/14 Week 21.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
PSYC 100
Rana Pishva

Week 21: Personality Theories Pearson Online: Personality - A pattern of thinking and interacting that is unique to each individual and remains relatively consistent over time and across situations Theories - Psychodynamic o Developed by Sigmund Freud o Explains personality and behaviour in terms of internal drives and forces o Three components of personality:  Id • Unconscious; strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives; operates on pleasure principle and demands immediate gratification  Ego • Largely conscious; operates on reality principle  Superego • Partly conscious, partly unconscious; strives to live up to internalized ideals and desires to follow the rules o Personality is shaped by conflicts between the id and the superego; conflicts are mediated by ego  Interaction between conscious and unconscious mind  Defense mechanisms hide things from conscious awareness - Humanistic o Developed by Rogers and Maslow o Emphasizes the role of free will and self-development  Circumstances that stand in the way of self-actualization can influence personality and behaviour o Rogers proposed that to become our true selves, people should receive unconditional positive regard from others o Maslow’s hierarchy of needs  Satisfy lower-level needs first - Social-cognitive o Reciprocal determinism  Personalities affect how we interact with the environment; how environmental factors influence us is affected by our personalities o Personality is the result of cognitive constructs (general belief system) we form in an ongoing learning process o Locus of control  Developed by Julian Rotter  Is part of personality, and can be changed  Belief about whether the outcomes of their actions are controllable by their own efforts  Internal locus of control • Individual can control own actions and results • Inability to control repeated external events can lead to learned helplessness o True inab
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.