RELS 218 Lecture Notes - Ancient Canaanite Religion, Near East, Primeval History
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OVERVIEW: DIVERSITY IN JUDAISM (PG 35 & 36)
•Judaism’s present day diversity can be understood as the product of
historical circumstances and development.
•trace their spiritual lineage to the biblical figure Abraham.
•small population of Jewish, 1-2% size of Christians and Muslims
populations in the world
• Each of Abrahamic faiths sees itself as continuing and fulfilling the
mission of ancient Israel.
•Is the Jewish heritage a religious heritage? The answer is both yes and
no. Yes, because many people do identify themselves as Jews on the
basis of religious participation. Some Jews have said yes to their
identity as ethnic while answering no to the question of Jewish religion.
North Americans, Europeans, and Israelis identify themselves as Jews
but do not participate in the religious tradition. Religion to them is part
of their culture.
•The claim that the Jews are genetically a race, which was a basis for
21st century persecution, simply cannot be substantiated.
•More than 7 million live in the Americas, and In US and Canada, there
are 3 major groupings: - Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox.
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF JUDAISM (PG 37)
•Torah contains the history of Israel but it is history written from a
special perspective. It is the history of people as they understand and
follow a God who chooses them as his instrument. The liberal wind of
Judaism accepts modern canons of history and reserves the right to
question aspects of the accuracy and historicity of the biblical texts.
Whereas, the traditional wing, believes every word in the text to be
CREATION OF GENESIS (PG 38)