SOCY 122 Lecture Notes - Class Conflict, Bourgeoisie, Tradition

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Marx:
Capitalism to be largely based on irrationality: Individuals are ruled by
abstractions”
Development of capitalism was inevitable
Karl Marx saw class as related to the means of production (only bourgeoisie
and proletariat)
Marx predicted revolution would occur in industrial societies as the workers
rebelled against the owners
Focuses upon political economy
Class formation
Class conflict
Dynamic of history
Social classes- ruling class had the most power
The wealthy have the most means which gave them political power
Economy is core to society
o Start at economy materialism
Over production
Inequalities in society
A lot of the problems in the society came due to obsession in materialism
He is known for capitalism believing in it
Political economy
The communist manifesto
Base and superstructure
Proletariat and bourgeoisie
Durkheim:
Believed in Cartesian method, which was to view the mind as being wholly
separate from the physical body.
Sensation and the perception of reality are thought to be the source of
untruth and illusions, with the only reliable truths to be had in the existence
of a metaphysical mind.
Such a mind can perhaps interact with a physical body, but it does not exist in
the body, or even in the same physical plane as the body.
Cartesian thought divides the world into three areas of existence:
That inhabited by the physical body (matter)
That inhabited by the mind
That inhabited by God.
Repressive Law: person must serve an amount of time as punishment for a
crime committed.
Restitutive Law: person must pay for the crime committed.
Three categories of suicide
Religions at the core of society
Looks at society objectively
Believed in organic solidarity and mechanical solidarity
Weber:
Capitalism was the result of a number of social forces coming together by
historical accident.
Max Weber saw class based on three factors of power, wealth and prestige.
Weber saw society as having several layers, not only two, and that factors
other than the material were important (a middle class exists)
Pure types are the different types of social action and he breaks them down
to their most basic form. The four types are:
o Goal-rational
McDonaldization- apply assembly line actions to society to
make things more efficient
o Value-rational
Religious people committed to faith, committed to a set of
values
o Affective
When emotions come to the surface and carry us away
o Traditional action
Everything being based on tradition
Three types of authority
Similar idea to McDonaldization
“We shape our own life’s”
Puritan work effect effected moderate work effort today
Protestant ethic
Focused on the individual and social action
Rationalization