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Sociology 226 Week 1 2013

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SOCY 226
Rob Beamish

Sociology 226 Week 1 September 9 2013 The social construct of reality is based on of the works of Alfred Schutz  “The Phenomenology of the Social World”  Der sinnhafte aufbau de socialen welt—german title  Sinn (sense, meaning, sensibility) hafte (prision), auf (make something explode), bau(building) – Direct translation Broad areas of concern  The enlightenment and the nature of knowledge  What a huge impact the enlightenment had on what we assume is whats happening around us  Society as an objective reality  Society as a subjective reality  The interrelation of macro and microstructure and agency, object and subject Associated central concepts  Power/knowledge  Social inequality (different bases)  Social stability/ change  Periodization and progress Agust Compte – coined term sociology  Knowledge is theological  The notion of what was theological shifted to metaphysical  A positive science, the basic of empirical knowledge  Sociology would look a lot like the theory of relativity September 11 2013 Fyre Argues that there Levels of engagement  The contemplative/ speculation level  The level of action (“I don’t like this”)  The level of imagination (This is not how I imagines it”) The contemplative/speculative level  The world is external and opposed to us  Intellect and emptions act separately  Intellect assesses (makes sense of the world, classifies, categorizes)  Emotion gives us a sense or “feel” for the world  Remember Sinn in Schütz’s Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt—der sinnhafte Aufbau involves both meanings of Sinn or sense  The language of nouns and adjectives  The language of self-expression  A feeling of identification with the world  It is where science and the arts being  Until you feel you don’t like something The level of action  I don’t like something, means you want to change something  The humanization of the world—a world in which human intervention has taken place  Intellect and emptions work together  “no longer the subject and object, the watcher and the ting being watched: the important categories are what you have to do and what you want to do”  Key categories “necessity” and “freedom”  A language of verbs, action, movement  Actions are more important that words  Making paths, cultivation plants, building shelter are the rudiments of the applied arts and science, agriculture, engineering, architecture  They are also the Aufbau (construction) of social (humanized) objects, relations, and meaning  In the humanizing process we have to adapt to our environment, as we act we create social relationships, as if we are creating a garden as a basis for integrations, we are making paths are creating social change  A higher level that the contemplative/ speculative but also more primitive—you are simply adapting to or changing the environment  The language of practical sense  Praxis—the unity of theory and practice (or emotion and intellect)-- we use this to convey what goes on in the realm of action, to The level of imagination  Our emotions and actions work together, in the process of creating change, our intellect and emotions are creating tools that we need to create actions  Our emotions can feel anything we want it to feel and we are allowed to dream  We want to recapture the unity we felt at the first level between us and world around  At this level of imagination, nothing actual happens  We have to go back to the level of actions to actually make something happen  Do we have to go to the level of imagination to go to the level of action?  As we change the world, we can go into this imaginations, and although it is 3 stages, we go through them as a continuation, and the essentially all slide into each other Science and
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