Class Notes (807,929)
Canada (492,928)
Sociology (1,094)
SOCY 275 (107)
Lecture 5

Social Ecology Theory (Week 5).docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
SOCY 275
Stacey Alerie

Social Ecology Theory  What happened before Chicago school was developed o Demonic perspective, classical theory o Protosociology,  Low life reporting of sociology  Descriptions of crime and deviance, discuss social communities that existed, techniques they used, all descriptions and no explanations o Philosophical roots  Knowledge as a cultural process, sociological positivism  No institutionalized sociology before Chicago school  Chicago school was a process o Resolved thoughts and action, philosophical, o How best to go about research, belief that social facts are not self evident, o Social facts are interpreted by the minds of people in the social world, o Those who observe and analyze are responsible for their interpretations. o Everyone has different interpretations (philosophical thought)  We acquire knowledge through the social world in which we live o Knowledge as a cultural process  Sociological positivism o Natural sciences, o Empirical evidence to support claims o Research  Sociological positivism is more developed and focused  Focusing on the social world,  Looking for regularities in social life,  How people interact and how it affects behaviour, norms of society, history of society  Society is constantly changing, and produced by the people within in, and interpreted by the people within it The Chicago school  Department of sociology in Chicago  Research model and theory 1890-1930  Innovative o Different from everything before, they set the ground, first department of its kind o Institutionalized and formalized the sociology of crime and deviance, focused, professional scholars, research was specific  Emphasized the study of ecological distribution of deviance and social disorganization and the use of ethnography  Explanations for crime and deviance Research Agenda  Anthropological and ecological study  First hand knowledge o Focused on primitive cultures, customs, beliefs, interactions.  People were easily accessible Ethnographies  Micro Level case studies o Individual deviance  Ethnographic approach o Interview, gain life history  Macro level Ecological studies o Larger scale, o Mapping, plot hot spots for crime o Where crime would occur again o Characteristics of neighborhood  Ethnographic and Anthropological Approach o First hand knowledge Why Chicago?  Chicago sociology became detailed study of Chicago  Period of transition o Population increase, o More immigrants, o New industries, o People were mobile, o Technological advancements  Wealth of opportunities and research avenues  Chicago school studied social world and analysis Ecology  Branch of biology  Not explanation for social behaviour  Framework to help research, o Informed how to analyze and observe o Terminology to understand human interactions  Refers to the study plants and animals o Their relationships to each other and within their natural habitat o Everything is interconnected  Focus of study would be on o Relationships and interdependencies within the web of life o Different species create a whole  Each part depends on another part, species struggle to survive o Relationships between organisms  Translated this into the social world o Human communities resembled interdependence and interaction  (Robert park) o People are dependant on each other, and other groups Human ecology – Robert Park  Symbiosis o Different species living together for mut
More Less

Related notes for SOCY 275

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.