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illicit drugs

2 Pages

Course Code
BLG 311
Ross Mc Naughton

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Therapy for the Use of Illicit Drugs • The main treatment is detoxification with withdrawal from the drug itself • Detoxification is the first way in which therapist try to help their drug abusers Biological Treatments • 2 widely used drug-therapy program for heroin addiction o heroin substitutes: drugs chemically similar to heroin that can replace the body’s craving for it (methadone, levomethadyl acetate, and bupreophine, synthetic narcotics) o heroine antagonists: drugs that prevent the user from experiencing heroine high • synthetic narcotics are cross dependent with heroin; by acting on the same CNS receptors, they become substitute for the original dependency • sometimes these substitutes produce their own withdrawal symptoms, for this then they must take it in the presence of someone • it’s usually combined with some counselling • Clonidine: is a antihypertensive mediation, may ease withdrawal from a variety of addicting drugs, including cocaine • Cromocriptine also shows reducing craving effects Psychological Treatments • Several kinds of psychotherapy are applied to drug-use disorders • Patients receiving cognitive treatment learned how to avoid high-risk situations, recognise the lure of the drug form them and develop alternatives to use cocaine • Overall psychosocial treatment were superior to those or of antidepressant drugs in reducing cocaine • Self-help residential homes or communes are the most widespread psychological approach to dealing with heroin addiction and other drug abuse • Drug rehabilitee homes share the following features o Separation of addicts from pervious social contacts o A comprehensive environment in which drugs are not avoidable and counting support is offered o The presence of charismatic role models o Direct, often brutal confrontation in group therapy o A setting in which addicts are respected as human beings rather than stigmatized as failures or criminals • Most people who participate in these groups do not achieve abstinence Treatment of Cigarette Smoking • Some smokers attend smoking clinics or consult with professionals for specialized smoking reduction programs Biological Treatments • Gum containing nicotine may help smokers endu
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