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Lecture 6

CLD 111 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Place Identity, Computer Keyboard, Water Table

Early Childhood Studies
Course Code
CLD 111
Kristy Timmons

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CLD111 Week 6: Design Considerations
Design Considerations
Homelike, Personalized Environments
Help to establish a sense of belonging
Ease the transition between home and school
Leads to place identity
o Shown to give children a sense of identity
o Develops self esteem
Homelike Characteristics
Includes private spaces
Spaces for large group gathering (a space for everyone)
o Generally a carpet area
Contains objects that have personal meaning
o Eg. Personal artifacts
Reflects the values of the children, families, educators
Reflects community
Element of Design: Colour
Differentiate space
o Eg. Colour of the walls
Emphasize physical features of a room
Creates an illusion of more or less space
o Lighter colours make the room appear bigger
Makes a classroom more attractive
Evokes moods
Element of Design: Lighting
Natural lighting should be used
Use of full spectrum lights
o Natural lights: provides light throughout the classroom
Have a variety of lighting to
o Allow for different needs
o Create distinctive atmospheres in different parts of the room
Element of Design: Focal Points
Create an emphasis that draws attention to an object or area
A focal point may be
o A window
o A special piece of furniture
o Artwork or photo
o An interesting rug or piece of colourful fabric
o An interactive component (Ie. learning centre)
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o A display
Varied ceiling heights
Lower ceilings
o Suggest quieter types of play
o Can create greater intimacy
Where 1 or 2 children interact
o Leads to more cooperative behaviour
Lower the ceiling height
Adds softness
Increase the useable space
Reduce noise levels
Allow a new view
Create intimate areas
May provide gross motor activity
Characteristics of Space
1. Size and scale
2. Social density
3. Aesthetics
4. Entries and pathways
5. Spatial variety
Size and Scale
Proportion of something relative to its surroundings
Affects behaviour
o Too many materials cause children to feel overwhelm and cause confusion about
how to use materials
Space appears larger or smaller than it actually is depending upon the scale of the objects
in it
Scaled to children (child size fixtures and features)
Adults also live in setting
Social Density
The number of interactions with an area
People to space
o How many people are allowed in a learning center
Cultural component
Influences behaviour
o Too many children = behavioural issues
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