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CRM316 (International Perspectives) - Lecture 2

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CRM 316
Jennifer Fraser

CRM316 – Week 2 st January 21 , 2013 *do your participation mark thingy before March 4th * research proposal due February 11th “The Research Process” Examples: the Rwandan genocide, human trafficking, etc. -> good points for genocide: healing & restorative justice, punishing offenders, holding offenders accountable, rebuilding the community Thesis statement – acknowledge alternative positions and research evidence that doesn’t support your position Demonstrate why you chose particular research articles (proposal = 3 sources, final paper 5+) -- Comparative Criminology - asking questions like “why do some countries have higher rates of crime? Do methods translate across countries?” Why do comparative studies of crime and criminal justice? - to benefit from others’ experience *keeping in mind that situations are different depending on location, we can implement plans that seem to be effective elsewhere] - to broaden our understanding of the world [studying regional variations across Canada, looking beyond our borders we can make sense of what others are doing given our own experiences, and get away from the “west is best” theory, appreciating other cultures and practices+ - to deal with transnational crime (across borders) [definition of crime can vary] Comparing Crime Trends - Challenges in comparing legally defined crimes: - differences in legal definitions *though most countries can agree on “murder”, sex-related crimes vary widely] - differences in data collection procedures & resources - Not all countries participate in international crime surveys (UNODC) - lack of resources [lack people with skills to do the collection or lack institutions] - countries at war - fear of negative image [two sources of information from the UN; medical documents, police reports] - Homicide rates are usually the most reliable, and therefore used as a proxy for violent crime levels; police-recorded robbery rates can be influenced by discretion and bias, not to be counted as very reliable; the least reliable are police-recorded rape rates because it is the least reported offence, some countries may shame or punish victims International Victimization Surveys - International Crime Victims Survey, cycles about every 4 years (in 2004 – 2005, 30 countries surveyed) - Limitations: subject to participant disclosure, telescoping [hearing of more victimization than reality because wrong timing], response rates [we also miss developing countries in most surveys] - WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence Against Women, 2005 - surveyed 24, 097 women in 10 countries - focused on intimate partner violence (physical, sexual, and emotional) - International Violence Against Women Survey, 2008 - Surveyed 23, 050 women in 9 countries - questionnaire on experiences of male violence, details and consequences of these experie
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