POWERS OF THE
Legislative Authority of 91. It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the
Parliament of Canada Advice and Consent of the Senate and House of
Commons, to make Laws for the Peace, Order, and
good Government of Canada, in relation to all
Matters not coming within the Classes of Subjects
by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures
of the Provinces; and for greater Certainty, but not
so as to restrict the Generality of the foregoing
Terms of this Section, it is hereby declared that
(notwithstanding anything in this Act) the exclusive
Legislative Authority of the Parliament of Canada
extends to all Matters coming within the Classes of
Subjects next hereinafter enumerated; that is to say,
1A. The Public Debt and Property.
2. The Regulation of Trade and Commerce.
2A. Unemployment insurance.
3. The raising of Money by any Mode or System
4. The borrowing of Money on the Public Credit.
5. Postal Service.
6. The Census and Statistics.
7. Militia, Military and Naval Service, and
8. The fixing of and providing for the Salaries
and Allowances of Civil and other Officers of
the Government of Canada.
9. Beacons, Buoys, Lighthouses, and Sable
10. Navigation and Shipping.
11. Quarantine and the Establishment and
Maintenance of Marine Hospitals.
12. Sea Coast and Inland Fisheries.
13. Ferries between a Province and any British or
Foreign Country or between Two Provinces.
14. Currency and Coinage.
15. Banking, Incorporation of Banks, and the
Issue of Paper Money.
16. Savings Banks.
17. Weights and Measures. 18. Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes.
20. Legal Tender.
21. Bankruptcy and Insolvency.
22. Patents of Invention and Discovery.
24. Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians.
25. Naturalization and Aliens.
26. Marriage and Divorce.
27. The Criminal Law, except the Constitution of
Courts of Criminal Jurisdiction, but including
the Procedure in Criminal Matters.