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Lecture 2

PHL333 Lecture 2: Plato Essay Outline.docx

Course Code
PHL 333
Kym Mac Laren

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Outline of a Paper on Plato
In Plato’s apology Socrates is given the opportunity during his trial to plead to the jury why
he is not at fault and therefore should not be punished. In order to do this Socrates goes through
each of his acquisitions and gives his side of the story, and through this a better understanding of
Socrates’s personality is gathered and we begin to see who Socrates is. Once analyzing
Socrates’s trial I will present you with the conclusion that he is an arrogant man who thinks very
highly of himself. This becomes apparent during his appearance in front of the jury as he is
constantly proclaiming that he has greater wisdom then everyone. This is very will illustrated in
his behaviour toward the people of Athens as he is always questioning their “wisdom” as well as
his responses to the questions being posed upon him by the jury. Further analyzing each of
Socrates’s actions regarding his penalty and the jury members it can soon be realized the
characteristics of Socrates are those of an arrogant man.
1. One of the main reasons Socrates was disliked and brought into court was because of his
constant need to question people about their knowledge and tell them they were wrong.
Coming to the conclusion that the people of Athens lacked intelligence
Socrates would begin to advise them because he believed he had the
knowledge and wisdom to better these people’s lives
People tend to get advice from certified individuals or ones they look up to
because they know what they are talking about, however Socrates just openly
points out everyone’s flaws and tells them how to be better in his perspective.
If Socrates was truly doing good to the society by providing the people with
wisdom there is no need for him to broadcast it and directly accuse them of
their faults.
Socrates makes the people feel humiliated as he examines them because he
feels he has the ability and knowledge to judge them and tell them what is
wrong with them.
2. In an Athenian court room in order to come to reasonable penalty the prosecutor and the
defendant are given the opportunity to construct their penalty and later the jury would
finalize the decision. Given this chance Socrates had proclaimed that his punishment
should be to be fed in the Prytaneum because he felt he deserved to be treated as a hero.
Stating that he is even more deserving of this feast than the Olympians
because he claims he did greater to the people of Athens than the returning
Olympians (36d – e).
Thinks he is above them all and that there is no need for him to ask a
forgiving penalty.
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