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Lecture 2

POL 501 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Advocacy Group, French Revolution, Great Depression


Department
Politics and Public Administration
Course Code
POL 501
Professor
Karen Ruddy
Lecture
2

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Interest group vs social movement
Interest groups= members share goals
Accept existing social power arrangement
Work within existing structures want a bigger piece of power pie
Lobby govt
Ex: unions, teachers, vet groups, tax industry charities
Limitations for interest groups:
-regulations for donations
-Not a level playing field
-Envtal groups vs rich oil industry
Social movements ( anti racism, feminism, gay rights)
Actors share vision, common vision for change
Critique existing power arrangements
Struggle through social, political and cultural conflict
Challenge existing structures
Change culture
Questions in course outline vital
How similar and different
Membership
Political strategies/tactics
How they view the government
Relationship with government

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Feminism
A. First wave mid 1880s to 1950s
Political situation of women in the west in 19th century
Doctrine of coverture: a legal doctrine where upon marriage a woman a wife had no
legal standing because her being was completely incorporated into that of her husband.
Historically women were first dependent on fathers and then husbands and then sons
if husbands died.
Husbands had entitlements to wife’s body
“Angel in the House”
Poem written about women
Praising them
Excluded from politics
Not persons
No political rights
Motto of French revolution: 18th century
Free of the king equality self govt
Liberte egalite fraternite
Liberal theory
The Public/private divide:
Public: politics, government, only men’s sphere
Private: home, economy, family, these areas not seen as political
Government should not intervene in the private sphere
Patriarchal power: men rule in the public sphere and the private sphere
Patriarchal father rule: rule of the father
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Suffragettes: (first wave of feminism)
Dominant idea get the vote
Equal rights feminism
Women should have access and equality in public sphere
Dr Emily howard stowe: may 1831-april 30 1903
First female doctors
Founder of Toronto women’s suffragettes
Maternal feminism:
Social reform and temperance movements
Womens’ participation in the public sphere an extension of their roles as mothers
White women “mothers of the race” and central to Canada’s nation building project
Women’s movement in England:
“deeds not words”
Major suffragettes in England were:
Pankhurst: mother and two daughters
Emmeline 1858-1929
Christabel 1880-1958
Sylvia 1882-1960
Strategies used by these women:
Burned houses
stormed Buckingham palace
hunger strike
Use angel strategic strategy and hunger strikes to get the vote
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