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Ryerson University
Quantitative Methods
QMS 102
Shavin Malhotra

Shangara Flora 18/02/2012 Grinning and Happy Argumentation Assignment Mr. Kogawas argument is clearly one of a negative nature and she is contradicting the perceived notions that people had during that time based on the title of this newspaper article. Her thesis is stated in the last three lines of the story, "Grinning and happy" and all smiles standing around a pile of beets? That is one telling. It's not how it was. This sends a very harsh yet clear message that the oppression that was taking place was not in fact grinning and happy, but rather the opposite. The rest of her story does an immaculate job at explaining this thesis. The fact that her thesis is generally in the former part of the text as opposed to the latter half gives the reader an almost conclusive sense and ties the whole story together with a last, definitive statement. When analyzing the structure of Grinning and Happy, Mr. Kogawa takes a inductive standpoint. One example is that she reserves her thesis for the end, as a conclusion to her evidence. Inductive forms of reasoning typically consist of taking past experiences and using them as an explanation for a present or future circumstance. Just like that of Mrs. Kogawa, in paragraphs 2 through 6, she quotes the article to show us an official and public version of the truth. Then after she debunks this version through a succession of her own eyewitness examples, she returns in her closing to sum up her judgment of the official truth: That is one telling. Its not how it was. She also uses contrast in her essay to make it very effective. It allows the reader to see the difference between the official version of events, and what actually did happen to the evacuees. Contrast between these public and private versions of the truth (the newspaper article vs. the narrators own experience) underlies Kogawas argument to a great extent. Ms. Kogawas prose is rather poetic in her use of vivid descriptions, imagery and figures of speech. Even the long, runon sentences have a rhythmical cadence to them. Like most poetry, Kogawas prose selection Grinning and Happy is very concise. And as in most poetry, that conciseness is derived largely from appeals to the senses and from figures of speech. The form of persuasion that is used the most throughout this story is the use of description. From paragraph 8 onwards, Kogawa starts to talk about her actual experience and uses examples that illustrate the hardships of the Japanese-Canadian evacuees. The images that the author paints are very vivid the reader can see and feel her misery. She also uses different literary devices such as metaphors to capture the readers attention and help them use simple and everyday objects to help understand her pain and suffering. We are as tiny as insects crawling across the grill, and the whole field is an oven, are just a couple of the many metaphors used. Since most of the examples are concrete and even poetic images of the miserable life of the evacuees, it makes her argument more effective. Many other literary devices are used to help increase the effectiveness of her argument. For example, in paragraphs 14 through 17, the word its begins five sentences and comes after conjunctions that begin three others. The repetition is obviously deliberate: its effect is to emphasize how the examples in this passage work together in showing why the narrator minds the situation. It illustrates the tedious hard work that the lives of the evacuees had become. As well, throughout the story there is constant use of onomatopoeia. When she says thwack, or flick, or flap, it lets the audience hear the noise that she was hearing and again helps to persuade them to believe her story because they can relate to these sounds that they have also heard before. Therefore, the mass amounts of imagery and her personal experience are forms of persuasion methods that have lead to Kogawas argument being extremely effective. In my opinion, this essay is very effective overall. This is due to the fact that the author herself has lived through this terrifying experience of being a Japanese-Canadian and therefore gives the reader first hand insight into what it was actually like which, as mentioned previously, was the main point of her whole story. I think that this essay is so effective because it makes the reader believe her argument. Her choices of words are poetic, yet disturbing because she uses a melancholy tone to evoke imagery into the readers mind. She describes certain situations in such detail, using words like scorching, instantly stiffens, and maddening sun, in order to give the reader a true sense of what was going on with herself and her family. When she says I mind growing ugly, it is like a slap in the face for the audience because that one sentence evokes a lot of emotions in a person. It says, Wow. This is actually real, and leaves someone in disbelief. This one sentence is the main sentence that leads me to believe her.Shangara Flora 18/02/2012 Another example is when she says It's the bedbugs and my having to sleep on the table to escape the nightly attack, and the welts over our bodies. Bedbugs and welts might be considered abnormal things in normal society as well, but when she describes it in this context, it c
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