SSH 105 Lecture Notes - Agnosticism, Critical Thinking

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
Ryerson University
Department
Social Sciences and Humanities
Course
SSH 105
Professor
SSH - Monday, September-17-12
The reason there’s so much disagreement (in physics for ex), it’s because it’s so hard to discover the
facts
Epistemic Reason reasoning for believing in something, where the reason indicates that the thing is
true. So it’s tied in with evidence. Point is, one of the ways to ground way your way in your beliefs, it’s to
ground your way in the evidence.
A good critical thinker is someone who turns right into the evidence, and doesn’t worry too much on the
emotional and pragmatic.
Belief: Sometimes people believe in things not based on evidence, ie: emotional, bias
To know something it has to be true, and be based on enough (sufficient) of the right kind of evidence
(acceptable).
Evidence that are in conflict with each other: Overridden
Evidence where the source is unreliable: Undermined
Withholding judgement is a really hard action to take. Critical thinking sometimes requires being
agnostic and to withhold judgement.
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Document Summary

The reason there"s so much disagreement (in physics for ex), it"s because it"s so hard to discover the facts. Epistemic reason reasoning for believing in something, where the reason indicates that the thing is true. Point is, one of the ways to ground way your way in your beliefs, it"s to ground your way in the evidence. A good critical thinker is someone who turns right into the evidence, and doesn"t worry too much on the emotional and pragmatic. Belief: sometimes people believe in things not based on evidence, ie: emotional, bias. To know something it has to be true, and be based on enough (sufficient) of the right kind of evidence (acceptable). Evidence that are in conflict with each other: overridden. Withholding judgement is a really hard action to take.

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