SSH 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Moral Relativism, Critical Thinking, Relativism
Criical thinking is reasonable and relecive thinking aimed at deciding what to believe and what to do. Criical thinking can help us to atain knowledge: knowledge is jusiied, true belief. Argument for moral relaivism: (i) there is considerable sincere disagreement about morality, (ii) if there is considerable sincere disagreement about morality, then moral relaivism is true, (iii) so moral relaivism is true. Realism is the proper aitude to take towards some subject mater, unless we have really good reason to think otherwise. Strategies and methods we study all assume that truth is independent of our beliefs. A belief is jusiied if it based or grounded in good reasons: diferent kinds of reasons: Epistemic (a. k. a. evidence: criical thinking requires that our beliefs be based on suicient and acceptable evidence. When reasons conlict: direct conlict - when one indicates that something is true and the other indicates that it is false.