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SSH 301 Nov 6 2013.doc

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Ryerson University
Social Sciences and Humanities
SSH 301
Patrizia Albanese

Qualitative Interviewing: What is it? -Variations: 1) unstructured 2) semi-structured 3) structured -Interviewing schedule/guide/protocol & steps -poen-ended; closed-ended questions -interviewing & troubleshooting -Analysis of qual. Interviews -Strength; validity; weakness; reliability, generalizability Focus Groups: -What are they? -How are they used? How do they work? -Extra ethical concerns -Strengths 7 weaknesses (reliability) Qualitative Interviews What is it? -a conversation with a purpose -a formalized conversation -respondents are given the freedom to answer in their own words; as they please; in detail -you direct flow, but study participant has control too you them survey...kinda like multiple choice interview...more like essay questions Variations Unstructured Interviewing- walk into the interview with only a list of topics, not specific questions (hardest type of interview, because you have to think on your feet) Semi-structured Interviewing- go in with a list of questions, however you can change the order of the questions & insert questions (most common method of interviweing used) Structured Interviewing- rigid protocol/interview schedule, strictly follow sequence, with the assumption that keeping the order of the questions will build on the information you are receiving (very formal) Qualitative Interviewing 1) is naturalistic and holistic and interactive (important not to choose qualitative interviewing over quantitive not because you hate math, but because you believe that peoples answer will add value to the research) -take place in everyday social settings (not a lab) 2) respects humanity/wholeness of participants -their “story” is important 3) focuses on context and lived experience -the situation; the circumstances 4) is emergent/evolving and complex -their stories develop your understanding 5) is fundamentally interpretive -look at/for deeper meaning 6) increasingly critical (emanicipatory) goals -research for a change; interested in talking to people whose voices have been silenced, trying to help them, sex trade workers, homeless youth 7) often involves participants as researchers (engage the community as co producers as questions, knowledge and results) -collaboration: participatory action research Researcher must: 1) reflect on the research conducted- through out the study 2) be sensitive to own social identity & its impact on the study (making the participant feel comfortable). 3) Recognize knowledge is subjective- participants as knowers 4) Pay attention to how people are represented in the analysis (attention to their voice) ***like a good talk show host*** Protocol/Interview Schedule or guide Interview guide/schedule- list of questions or topics 1.brainstorm 2. identify themes, issues, concepts 3. create topics or questions -open-ended questions (essay answer type questions) (common in interviews) [vs. Closed ended questions (used in most surveys)] 4. place in sequence 5. get feedback from “pros” and mom 6. ethics review 7.pre test (go to a sex trade worker and have a trial interview, after you can change questions, etc, get feedback) 8. improve (make the corrections) 9. go to it...make improvements as your going if you're allowed Interviewing- things to think about: 1. Contact & appointment (finding the people to
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