Food environments (Winson 2012)
• Refer to institutional spheres where food is displayed for sale and or consume
• The shift from domestic to public sphere
• The role of pseudo foods, differential profits, corporate concentration, mass
advertising, and product differentiation and spatial colonization in this process.
• Pseudo foods: nutrient poor edible products which are typically high in fat, sugar,
salt and calories and low in nutrients essential for health (i.e. vitamins, minerals,
• Soft drinks; salty snacks, chocolate bars, potato/corn chips, fruit snacks, ice
snacks, small cakes, cookies/candy, fruit punches/ices tea, breakfast cereals, juice,
Too many calories in so many products!
• Jodie sinnema, canwest news service
• If you live in a city with more places to buy double doubles, big macs, and mama
burgers, you’re more likely to get fat
• Found associations between obesity and urban sprawl, which is a pattern of
development in metropolitan areas whereby large percentages of the population
live in lowerdensity residential areas.
• It has been suggested that the consequences of urban sprawl include increased
reliance on automobiles, decreased motivation to walk to destinations, and
reduces opportunities to exercise because of the time required to travel to
• In 2005, just the 10 most powerful companies marketing pseudofoods spent a
total of roughly IS 7.62 billion on advertising their brands in the united states an
amount 119 times greater than the entire advertising budget for the US federal
governments department of health services
• Multinational beverage and snack food manufacturers have been especially
willing to provide money to schools in exchange for the opportunity to gain
further beachheads in the public doman and to cash in on an increasingly,
Key factors shaping the high school food environment
• Funding shortfalls from the ministry of education wich encouraged the use of
vending machines to make up needed revenue
• Kitchen staff shortages, which encouraged the use of saturated and trans fats laden
baked goods repared offsite, and prevented the more widespread preparation of
healthier options from scratch
• The presence of fast food outlets and vendors and of low nutrition products in
close proximity to most schools, which affected both the types of foods hat schools could offer in order to compete effectively for students’ disposable
income, and also the prices charged for junk foods available in school tuck shops
where those existed
• Policies that deal with the presence of multinational fast food operations in
close proximity to schools
• Policies to deal with the aggressive saturation advertising of products high in
fat, sugar, and salt presently directed to children and adolescents outside of
Why would you ever eat highfructose corn syrup?? (THERE IS NO CAUSE
FOR OBESITY, THERE ARE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS!!!!)
• Organophosphates are the basis of many insecticides, herbicides, and nerve
• Hamn exposure points to lasting metabolic disruption from earlylife
organophostpate exprsures. Exposure is increased evidence of getting
• Herbicide that may cause blood related problems.
Hormones and Cell Metabolism
• Obesity is a complex condition not a matter of food intake
• Defect in the communication between leptin and beta cells can cause over
production of insulin, leading to excessive accumulation of fat in the body
• This process appears to contribute to obesity quite independent of eating while
also harming control of blood sugar levels.
Do environmental toxins promote obesity?
• DDT disrupts weight controlling hormones.
Antipsychotic medications may lead to obesity and diabetes.
• They trigger the TGFbeta pathway
• Major depression, antidepressant medication and the risk of obesity scott b patten
et al. psycother psycchosm.
• Chemicals that may interfere with the body’s endocrine system and produce
adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune effects in both
humans and wildlife.
• Cause endocrine disruption including pharmaceuticals
• May be found in everyday products including plastic bottles
Not just what you eat but could be what you smell
• 1 in 289 people had DBP in his or her body. These high levels could come from
personal care products.
Phtalates as endocrine disruptors
• exposure to a class of chemicals commonly found in soap and p