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BPK 140 (134)

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Simon Fraser University
Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Peter Ruben

altruism Acts of helping or giving to others without thought of self- benefit. (p. 37) antidepressant A drug used primarily to treat symptoms of depression. (p. 44) anxiety A feeling of apprehension and dread, with or without a known cause; may range from mild to severe and may be accompanied by physical symptoms. (p. 39) anxiety disorder Psychological disorder involving episodes of apprehension, tension, or uneasiness, stemming from the anticipation of danger and sometimes accompanied by physical symptoms; causes significant distress and impairment to an individual. (p. 40) assertive Behaving in a non-hostile, confident manner to make your needs and desires clear to others. (p. 37) attention deficit A term often used interchangeably with attention disorder (ADD) deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (p. 43) attention A spectrum of difficulties in controlling motion and sustaining deficit/hyperactivity attention, including hyperactivity, impulsivity, and disorder (ADHD) distractibility. (p. 43) autonomy The ability to draw on internal resources; independence from familial and societal influences. (p. 37) behaviour therapy Psychotherapy that emphasizes application of the principles of learning to substitute desirable responses and behaviour patterns for undesirable ones. (p. 41) bipolar disorder Severe depression alternating with periods of manic activity and elation. (p. 45) cognitive- A technique used to identify an individual’s beliefs and behavioural therapy attitudes, recognize negative thought patterns, and educate in (CBT) alternative ways of thinking. (p. 49) culture The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices of a group that are internalized by an individual within the group. (p. 31) depression In general, feelings of unhappiness and despair; as a mental illness, also characterized by an inability to function normally. (p. 39) depressive disorder A psychological disorder involving pervasive and sustained depression. (p. 44) emotional health The ability to express and acknowledge one’s feelings and moods. (p. 30) emotional A term used by some psychologists to evaluate the capacity of intelligence people to understand themselves and relate well with others. (p. 30) feelings Emotional responses that can come and go within minutes. (p. 35) generalized anxiety An anxiety disorder characterized as chronic distress. (p. 40) disorder (GAD) happiness A feeling that is buildable and measurable, and is directly connected to engagement with family, work, or a passionate pursuit and finding meaning from some higher purpose. (p. 35) homelessness Not having a home; includes absolute homelessness, being at risk for homelessness, and hidden homelessness. (p. 40) interpersonal technique used to develop communication skills and therapy (IPT) relationships. (p. 49) learned Blaming others for our failures and transferring our helplessness responsibility for adopting healthy lifestyle choices over to society. (p. 34) locus of control An individual’s belief about the source of power and influence over his or her life. (p. 37) major depression Sadness that does not end. (p. 44) mental health The ability to perceive reality as it is, to respond to its challenges, and to develop rational strategies for living. (p. 30) mental illness Behavioural or psychological syndrome associated with distress or a significantly increased risk of suffering pain, disability, loss of freedom, or death. (p. 39) mood A sustained emotional state that colours one’s view of the world for hours or days. (p. 35) obsessive- An anxiety disorder characterized by obsessions and/or compulsive compulsions that impair one’s ability to function and form disorder (OCD) relationships. (p. 43) optimistic The tendency to seek out, remember, and expect pleasurable experiences. (p. 34) panic attack A short episode characterized by physical sensations of light- headedness, dizziness, hyperventilation, and numbness of extremities, accompanied by an inexplicable terror, usually of a physical disaster such as death. (p. 41) panic disorder An anxiety disorder in which the apprehension or experience of recurring panic attacks is so intense that normal functioning is impaired. (p. 41) phobia An anxiety disorder marked by an inordinate fear of an object, a class of objects, or a situation, resulting in extreme avoidance beha
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