Class Notes (838,058)
Canada (510,633)
Criminology (2,192)
CRIM 101 (459)
Lecture 11

Lecture 11B.docx

10 Pages
63 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 101
Professor
Barry Cartwright
Semester
Fall

Description
Lifetime and exposure theory: Rising crime rates… -Rising dramatically, victims demanding government to take action to protect tthem Some Supporting Evidence: -2004..GSS rates of violent victimization…highest for young people between 15-24 ..lowest …. Rates of violent victimization..higher for individuals…single or divorced…engaged more frequently… Routine activities theory…1979..Lawrence Cohen..Marcus Felson… -Similar to lifestyle exposure theory…. -Routine activities theory…..tried explain why crime rates risen so dramatically throughout 19 -3 main elements….motivated offender, suitable target, absent of guardian.. -intersecting social domains..home/work..leisure.. -More people working, less guardianship.. -more shopping..more recreational activities… Routine activities/rational choice…argue crime caused more by economic prosperity… -contrasted to merton’s strain theory.. - Advances in RAT and Victimology…. -Social inequality and victimization…Cohen, Kluegel and Land (1981)….target attractiveness…presence /absence of capable guardian…contributing factors in criminal event… - -Structural..macro model of criminal event.. Marcus Felson’s…metroreef… 4 main elements..dispersion of construction… Proliferating Households.. Spreading of People over many vehicles … Dispersing Activites…away from home. -Crimes as interactions…jmoin product..offenders and victims interact.. -Example.. 1977 study of “Criminal Homicide as a Situated Transaction” by David Luckenbill Best, Luckenbill’s 3 types of deviant transactions.. Individual-deviance commited by individual… Deviant Exchange Deviant Exploitation..-illicit transaction..deviant stealth, trickery or physical force..compel another person to surrender goods..service Household Victimization.. Age…. Lowest for people over age 65..highest for 15-24… Urban-Rural Divide… Safe and Unsafe divide… Why it’s different? Eg urban…more cultures..social backgrounds…social incivilities..eg broken windows…etc. Social reaction to deviant behavior…labeling….. -Moral Entrepreneurs..eg claimsmakers…lobbyists.. Often amplify the problem..eg war of drugs..dooubling of American prison population… Enter the mugger…. -Spousal violence…. ..women more likely to seek medical care for injuries..compared to men…. -Most abductions of children…done by non-custodial parents… -Young children …most likely killed in private sectors..eg home. -Aged 11 + mostly victimized outside. Offenders..targets… -less survelillance… familiar area..don’t want to go to unfamiliar places.. Leisure..corruptor…causes younger people to be criminal…. Eg internet use, violent video games… Routine activities approach…television viewing decreased crime rates….. most victims and offenders at home watching tv…capable guardianship. -Copycat crimes….people copy crimes on games/tv. -eg Columbine shooting…dressed up as columbine shooter in the game. Alvaro Rafael Castillo…columbine influenced..] BUTTT: Most exposed to violent crime/tv..but we don’t go out and attack people.
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit