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CRIM 101 (459)
Lecture

CRIM 101 Lecture #5

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 101
Professor
Adrienne Peters
Semester
Fall

Description
WEEK 5 Underlying assumptions - Nothing unique about criminal behaviour, and that motivation to engage in such behaviour is quite widespread - Ask why more individuals don’t commit crimes - Notion underlying all types of control theory is that conformity cannot be taken for granted - If you want conformity and social control, you need effective socialization If people don’t learn/internalize social conventions or norms, then social controls will break down or become ineffective Walter Reckless containment theory - Inner containment= part of psychological makeuo eg selfcontrol good self image ability to tolerate frustration - Outer containment= factors in the social enviro eg family relationships - Internal pushes= restlessness, impatience and anger - External pulls= poverty, unemployment, the media, or sleiquent friends Travis Hirschi’s social bond theory - Attachment= ties of affection and respect, with parents school techers - Commitment= getting good education, learning trade or profession, finding a good job - Involvement= being involved in school, in recreation, with family - Belief= shared values—it’s wrong to steal, people should respect the law Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime - Low self-control as the cause of crime - Tied in with classical schools hedonistic calculus - Agree with opp theory or routine activities theory The cure for crime GandH cont The cause of crime - Crime is caused by low self-control - Low self- control is caused by ineffective or incomplete socialization and ineffective child rearing The cure for crime - Adequate child rearing - Caregiver must monitor the child’s behaviour, recognize deviant behaviour when it occurs, and punish such behaviour Sampson and Laubs life course perspective - Social control theory that again talks about weakened social bonds and the informal social controls exerted on the individual by the family, the school, and by employers or fellow workers No single factor - Life course perspective differs from many other criminological theories - No single factor that sets on individual on lifelong pathway to crime - Crime and deviance is not stable over the life course Trajectories and transitions - Trajectories= life pathways that people are travelling on, and the direction in which their lives are going - Transitions= turning points, like special life events that may change the trajectories eg marriage, or getting a job Social disorganisation theory - Shaw and McKay (1942), Chicago - Areas were disadvantaged run down, had high rates of population turnover, were racially and ethnically diverse - Relationships less likely to develop leading to
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