Class Notes (806,696)
Canada (492,414)
Criminology (2,095)
CRIM 101 (448)

Public Policy and Crime Prevention.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Simon Fraser University
CRIM 101
Barry Cartwright

The “Get Tough” Approach: - Assumes that offenders will be deterred by stiffer sentences and harsher terms of imprisonment - Little evidence (if any) in support of this argument The US Experience: - US has three strikes rules, mandatory sentencing guidelines and war on drugs - US has one of the highest per capita incarceration rates in the Western World – about five times the rate in Canada - Prison population in the US has doubled over the past decade, and the average length of sentences has tripled - 38 of the US states now have the death penalty - US continues to have a much higher rate of violent crime than Canada - Any decline in the overall crime rate in the US has been mirrored in Canada Hang’em High: - Louisiana is the amongst top five in US when it comes to executions, yet still has second highest murder rate and fifth highest crime rate in US - Louisiana passed 1995 amendment authorizing death penalty in cases of child rape, but recent study of pre-amendment and post-amendment figures showed no effect on reducing number of indictments for (or counts of) child rape in the state - States that do not have the death penalty actually have lower than average murder rates Or at Least Lock’em Up: - Arguments in favour of lengthier terms of imprisonment: - -> incapacitate offender (by preventing him or her from committing crimes while behind bars) - -> specific deterrence (i.e., individual offender deterred from future offending by the harshness of the punishment) - -> general deterrence (i.e., members of the general public will themselves be deterred from committing crimes when they see harsh punishment meted out to the convicted offender) Cutting Recidivism: - Study of 400 young offenders in Vancouver, serving mean sentences of 100-168 days - Previously served average of 33 months on probation - Recidivism rate still 81% within 12 months of their release Boot Camps: - Based on military model, with early wake-ups, rigorous schedules, drills and physical training, and orders from correctional staff that must be followed - Though that these activities reduce impulsivity and increase positive attitudes towards society Putting the Boots to Boot Camps: - Virtually all research into effectiveness of boot camps has been disappointing - 2001 study comparing 2668 juvenile offenders in 26 boot camps to 1848 juvenile offenders in 22 traditional correctional facilities in US found no significant difference in impulsivity or pro-social attitudes between the two groups - 2005 California study of long-term arrest data found no difference between long-term recidivism rates for those who had been in boot camps and those who had been in traditional correctional facilities
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.