Class Notes (835,759)
Canada (509,376)
Criminology (2,185)
CRIM 101 (452)

Public policy.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

CRIM 101
Adrienne Peters

Public policy & Crime Prevention November-23-12 -The "Get tough" approach  Assumes that offenders will be deterred by stiffer sentences and harsher terms of imprisonment  Little evidence in support of this -The US experience  US has three strikes rules, mandatory sentencing guidelines, and war on drugs  US has the highest per capita incarceration rates in the world (743 per 100000) - about six times the rate in Canada (117 per 100000)  Prison population in the US doubled between 1992 and 2007 * ~ 2.3 million in 2007  Death penalty * Thought to be the ultimate deterrent  34 states have the death penalty  2010: 46 executions * 44 lethal injection * 1 electrocution * 1 firing squad Race Executed Total population white 27 (57%) 75% black 13 (28%) 12% Latino/a 5 (11%) 12% native 1 (2%) 0.9%  US continues to have a much higher rate of violent crime than Canada  Any decline in the overall crime rate in the US has been mirrored in Canada -Hang 'em high  Louisiana in top five in the US for executions; second highest murder rate and fifth highest crime rate  Louisiana passed 1995 amendment authorizing death penalty for child rpae; no effect on reducing indictments for (or counts of) child rape. -Rational choice and deterrence  Rational choice theorists argue that would-be offenders weigh possible benefits of criminal activities against possible costs  Similar to Classical School of Criminology - certainty, celerity and severity of punishment would be sufficient deterrent for rational, free-willed individuals -Lock 'em up?  Arguments in favour of lengthier terms of imprisonment: * Incapacitate offender * Specific deterrence * General deterrence -But does it work?  Mandy chronic, serious offenders are substance abusers; lack work skills or education to contemplate alternatives  Some criminological theorists say that most criminals act impulsively, with limited consideration for long-term consequences -Cutting recidivism Study of 400 young offenders in Vancouver, serving mean sentences of 100-168 days   Previously served average of 33 months on probation  Recidivism rate still 81% within 12 months of release -Boot camps  Based on military model  Thought that these activities reduce impulsivity and increase positive attitudes towards society -Putting the boots to boot camps  2001 study comparing juvenile offenders in camps to those in traditional corrections found no significant difference in impulsivity or pro-social attitudes  2005 study of long-term arrest data found no difference between long-term recidivism rates for those who had been in boot camps and those in traditional corrections -Other approaches  Public health model, community policing, social development, and opportunity reduction  Attempt to address problem of crime by pre
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.