Criminology 103 May 19.docx

19 views5 pages
Criminology 103 May 19, 2009
Developmental perspective
- Risk factors
o Elements predictive of negative deviant outcomes
o Increase probability
o Nonspecific accumulation of # of factors
- Resilience factors
o Counteracting elements that reduce the risk
o Coping, adaption, resistance, recovery
o Compensatory or buffering effect
Risk factors
- Individual
o Cog. & Lang. difficulties
o Low IQ scores
o ADHD, CD
- Family
o Abuse, neglect
o Inadequate parenting
o Parental psychopathology
o Antisocial siblings
- Environmental
o Peers (rejection, antisocial)
o Inadequate pre-school care
o School failure
Resilience factors
- Individual
o Intelligence
o Coping capacity
o Humour
- Family
o Cohesion
o Support
o Rituals or patterns
- Environmental
o Social support
o Community cohesion
o Neighborhood safety
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
ADHD
Characteristics
- Inattention
- Impulsivity
- Excessive motor activity
Issues
- Classroom management
- Biological basis
o Chemical treatment
o Antisocial behavior
Moffit’s development theory
- Life course-persistent (LCP) offenders
- Adolescent-limited (AL) offenders
Learning factors
Behaviorism assumptions
- learning by observation
- principles of learning apply equally
- stimulus = response
- Internal cog. Processes excluded
- learning involved behavior change
- tabula rasa (blank state)
o organisms are born as blank slates (everyone grows differently)
- learning results from environmental events (conditioning)
Behaviorism Watson
- law of frequency: the more frequent the stimulus and response are, the more habit it will be
- law of recency is the response that has occurred most recently, that’s the one associated with
the stimulus, becomes dominant
Pavlov
- classical conditioning
- stimulus response connection (dogs)
Pavlov’s dogs
- stimuli trigger related response
o eating = salivation
o food = salivation
- stimuli trigger unrelated response
o bell = salivation
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class