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Canada (481,981)
Criminology (2,055)
CRIM 135 (159)

Law Schools, Lawyers, and Judges.docx
Law Schools, Lawyers, and Judges.docx

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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 135
Graeme Bowbrick

Legal Education in Canada: - Before 1950’s, had to apprentice with practising lawyers, then write exam until you could get in - Before 1950’s, training replaced the need for law school - Three year law degree, followed by 12 months of articling (apprenticeship) - Proceeded by an undergraduate degree (bachelors) - Law degrees are usually a second degree - Three year law degree was bachelor of law degree (LLB), gradually changed to JD Law School: - 19 law schools in Canada - 3 in BC, UBC, U Vic, Thompson Rivers - Admission is highly competitive - Admission ratios of 10:1 or worse - Look at GPA and LSAT - LSAT is law school admission test - UBC does 50/50 weighting on GPA and LSAT - U Vic use 70 on GPA and 30 on LSAT - Typical requirement is A- or higher - GPA must be 3.6, 3.7 or higher - LSAT is around 4 or 5 hours, standardized test - Aptitude test, study isn’t possible - Tests for analysis - Multiple choice exam - LSAT is offered three or four times a year - Percentile is out of 100 - Percentile means where you ranked relative to everyone who wrote the exam - Must score over 75 percentile - No particular studying method for law school - Take whatever you find interesting and excel act -> marks are most important - Can major science and still go to law school - Two streams of admission: general admission and discretionary admission - General admission is strict and competitive (GPA, LSAT) - General admission takes up 80 – 90% of students - Women get 60% of the seats - Discretionary admission is where law schools look to give a break to people with various backgrounds or designated groups (reserved to 10 – 15% of students) - Most law schools have Aboriginal category - Mature students (age 30 +) may get discretionary admission - Reason for discretionary admission for Aboriginals is to make up for historic discrimination - For mature students, it’s because they have experiences that may be effective - Third category of discretionary admission is any other form of disadvantage that may have impacted their ability to achieve highly in their GPA or LSAT - Law school also looks at potential of students, even if they have a slightly lower GPA or LSAT st - In law school, 3 year degree, 1 year is standard (no electives), take set range of courses (around 7 or 8 -> foundation courses) nd rd - In 2 and 3 year, you have ability to shape your education (more electives) - Debate about practical vs academic for law schools Legal Profession: - Most occupations are subject to regulation by government - Exceptions include lawyers, teachers, doctors, etc - Self-governing occupations are secondary legislation (provincial legislatures have delegated their power to them -> lawyers regulate lawyers, set standards for admission, who gets kicked out, set standards for conduct, set out process for discipline for lawyers under Legal Profession Act) - Lawyers set rules for law society - Set out rules for protection of public (conduct) and discipline - Law degree doesn’t make you a lawyer, but is the essential qualification for profession - Additional year of training after law school, includes articling for a law firm for a year (apprenticeship, on the job experience), professional legal training course aka PLTC (9 week program of skill based training -> proper negotiation techniques, draft contracts, real estate transactions, questioning people; and practical knowledge relating to law, evaluations) - BAR exams, 2 4 hour exams (must get 60% or higher), once passed everything then you are qualified to be a member of law society - When admitted, you get a title of Barrister (court
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