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Lecture 4

Crim 241 Notes week 4 feb 6.docx

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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 241
Melissa Roberts

February 6 Lecture Notes Electronic Monitoring -fairly underused method of controlling people in Canada -more used in the United States -keeps track of people in the community who require constant supervision or more specialized tracking -used for offenders serving community sentences and for offenders on parole -active (continuous monitoring) -most common -passive (computer calls at random/specific times) -easy to bypass -used because: -alternative to incarceration -reduce costs -allow offenders to remain employed and living at home -front end and back end EM programs -front end: attached to a probation sentence -back end: attached to an offender on parole Restorative Justice -an approach to justice based on theprinciplethat criminal behaviourinjures thevictim,the offender, and the community -”although the term restorative justice encompasses a variety of programs and practices at its core is a set of principles, a philosophy, an alternative set of guiding questions. Ultimately, restorative justice provides an alternative framework for thinking.” -Howard Zehr Criminal Justice vs. Restorative Justice -crime (criminal) -violation of law and state -violations of law create guilt -whether you violated it or not -justice -assigns blame -imposes punishment -central focus: -punishment fit’s the crime -retribution -victims are peripheral -Crime (RJ) -violation of people and relationships -violations create obligations -justice -involves victims, offenders, and community -central focus: victim needs and offender responsibility -repairing harm -healing/support Restorative Justice -six main objectives -needs of victims -offender acknowledges responsibility -create a community of support -alternative to the adversarial justice system -avoids escalation of legal justice, cost, delay -debatable* removes the responsibility of the offence somewhere else -prevent re-offending through reintegration What can RJ look like? -face to face mediation -circle sentencing (Aboriginal or small communities) -is a replacement for a traditional court process -VORP/VOMP -victim offender reconciliation program -victim offender mediation program -structured meetings between offender and victim -family group conferencing -Aboriginal healing circles -community sentencing panels -people who live in the community coming together and dealing with the issue -community policing -grassroots- so the process can fit the situation -recognizes that every situation is different -look at page. 111 Is RJ Effective? -does it work? -lots of critiques, but decent amount of support for it -who can it involve? -most times done with non-violent, first time young offenders -research shows it is most effective with serious violent crimes and helping victims heal -only effective if you acknow
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