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Lecture

Crim 300W oct 15.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 300W
Professor
Charmaine Perkins
Semester
Fall

Description
October 15 Lecture Notes Legacies of the positive school -shift from the classical school: rationality/free will and legal/penal reform to biological determinism -focus on the individual: identify causes/diagnose and treat -role of science and research: focus on treatment and rehab, prevention and intervention (medical model) -notion of the born criminal (Lombroso) and dangerousness ( -webct Legacies of the positivist school -crime and low intelligence- dug dale and goddard -iq tests-Binet: measurement of intelligence, labelling of individuals, individuals can be trained to improve IQ -crime and inherited traits; feeblemindedness (Jukes and kallikaks)- morally unifit, intelligence is a static trait, inherited -criminality and body types (Sheldon): ecto, meso, endo -legacy: eugenics, inhumane medical experiments, racist practices, sterilization, expulsion to penal colonies, incarceration, capital punishment Role of biological factors -interaction between bio and non bio factors -no single gene linked to crime causation -crime is complex phenomenon many different paths to criminality -importance of social environment, parenting, learning achievement, peer groups Bio factor
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