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CRIM 321 (31)


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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 321
Sheri Fabian

Research ethnic Source of research ideas  Search literature thru library & internet  Broad sense of relevant “literature” - Be careful re: defining topic - Be aware of problems with internet as research site  Starting from where you are Researchable questions  Questions must - Guide research - Provide focus - (u cant observing ppl txt and driving but you can ask people’s opinion of txt and driving)  “why” question are thought  Your question must be researchable  (Make sure the date can match your research)  Research is not about right or wrong answers… - Is about uncovering knowledge & new ways of viewing a social phenomenon - (is not just about the way viewing, is also about the interest…) Developing researchable questions  Researchable questions: - avoid value judgements - are specific - are limited in scope - are related to some empirical reality - include specific evaluation criteria Ethics  Ethical codes: rules, standards, or a “moral code of conduct” that govern actions of a person or profession - What is considered right or wrong within group or organization in question  All professional bodies have ethics Boards, called IRB (Institutional Review Boards) Ethics in social science research  Research ethics: - Principles – guide interactions with research participants and our commitment to safeguard their rights and interested  Regulation of research ethics: - Interpretation and adjudication of research ethics Ethics in QLR  QLR ethics – 2 levels - Internal - External The most basic ethical dilemma  Balancing 2 important and sometimes conflicting responsibilities  As social scientists we have “a scientific obligation to do research in the best way we know how” (Palys & Atchison, 2008:69)  (defining ethic not just individual’s exercise) - Obligated to ensure no harm comes to our participants Code of ethics  Ethics in research – recent development, why?  Unethical research  Liability - Bureaucracies respond  Public and government more aware and more concerned with ethics Nuremberg code  Key principles for social science research: - Participation must be voluntary and informed consent must be received - Participants must be advised of any known or anticipated harmful effects beforehand Example: violating harm principle  Tuskegee Syphilis Study - 40 years study (beginning 1992) of untreated consequences of syphilis - No participant consent obtained - Mid-study – cure discovered - Failed to offer “unknowing participants” treatment to avoid “spoiling study” Violating principle of harm, deception & informed consent  Milgram’s obedience to Authority Study (1974) (electric shock) - Goal: how far people would go under direction of authority figure - Participants deceived - Ethical issues? o Deception o Ensuring no harm to participants Research Ethics Boards (REB)  Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving
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