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Lecture 2

ENGL 111W Lecture 2: Lecture 1 & 2 The Utopia Tradition Notes
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Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 111W
Professor
Stephen Collis

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Thursday, January 19, 2017 Week 2: ENGL112W The Utopian Tradition Lecture 2 Notes Thomas More was a catholic, recurring theme of christianity and religionspirituality. WHERE DOES THE IDEAOF UTOPIACOME FROM? From the classical tradition to contemporary concerns TO BE HUMANS IS TO BE UTOPIAN Lewis Mumford: without the utopians of other times men wold still live in caves miserable and naked There something as human beings where we always want something better. We start thinking of things to make things better around us and for us as individuals Ruth Levitas: Utopias are sufciently common for some commentators to speculate about the existence of a fundamental utopian propensity in human beings (The concept of Utopia 1) We are always thinking of making life better and easier and increase out chances of survival thinking toward our future, Our edge for survival was CONCEPTUALTHOUGHT THE GREEKAND ROMAN PASTORALTRADITION THE PASTORAL: (from the latin word pastor meaning shepherd) is a literary mode which idealizes rural lifelife lived in close proximity to harmony with nature THE PASTORAL: as a literary mode or motif using rural settings and people; often hearkens back to a lost connection both to nature and to godthe gods which human social life and civilizationthe development of cities, of trade, of the accumulation of material wealth, and wars between peoples. e.g. Pastoral landscape painting: a beautiful countryside, there is always people in it and there are animals present. Pastoral painting idealizes a land where humans do live and have economical activities such as farming and is very diverse with animals and humans present ini the paintings. HESOIDS WORKAND DAYS Agreek poem written around 700 BCEIt is a sort of farmers almanaca poem of agricultural instruction and advice for leading the good life. rural life is not really idealized here, in this forerunner of pastoral poetry; it is simply assumed to be the norm. THE POEM: HESOID ON THE FIVEAGES OF MAN He imagines a GoldenAge as a time when men lived like gods, untroubled by work and work all they did was take pleasure in festivities we used to live in idealogical world, but now we live in a world of woe. We long for what we had in the past. The land.never ceased from producing harvest effortlessly without work. With plenty everywhere, no envy was provoked.All their tasks they performed voluntarilyleisure distributed equally among the noble citizenry. It is a time of plenty, the golden age; part of what utopia is about. What if we had more time for pleasurable things in life. Everyone is equal in wealth and plentiful. BUT NOW IN THE IRONAGE Neither in daytimenor nightmare does pain and distress cease Human beings will keep on doing worse and worse things to each other and each individual wont give up until they gain the upper hand.Aworld of no nobility or humility or empathy. VIRGILS ECLOGUES: Pastoral poems written between 42 and 37 BCE, during a very turbulent time in Roman historya time of civil war, th end of the Roman Republic, and the birth of the Roman Empire 1
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