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GEOG 261

Home, Community, Belonging 10/2/2012 8:34:00 AM A disntinction btw the home, community and belonging but there‟s a connection between the three. Think of Kits having gone through gentrification processes in the last 20 years. When considering the idea of home, think past the physical structure. Think of the wider set of relations – the word community comes in here. If you buy a house, your house isn‟t abstracted from the world – you‟re embedded within a community. Intro: In this lecture, we explore. . . . . . We‟re not taking the usual approach to thinking about gentrification. Instead we‟re trying to understand the „why‟ of gentrification. We think about it in the backdrop of home, community and belonging. It‟s really staked on the idea of community. Notes on Home The concept of home. . . . Home is about dwelling. The idea of dwelling tends to be very abstract. It’s impossible to live in a house . . . home is connected to the wider community and the wider society. There’s a bit of territoriality. It‟s meaning has been probed. . . Various layers of what home means, from domestic elements, to patriarchal and how home is connected to the wider society. Home is built on wider systems of relations it’s more than just a physical container. Ppl regard home as a physical building. Buying stuff from ikea to build your home is only 1 element. As urban geographers we’re going to look at home ina diff way. In popular culture . . . Tv shows like …. You begin to see that it’s not just the homes of certain ppl. They’re connected with the wider community. You begin to see the politics, the wider community. Home is much more than a physical building. Think about coronation street, it’s a community of ppl and you see how home is connected to community. The practice of making home . . . This sort of dwelling . . . So it’s much more thana building, it’s not just a physical structure on a street. think BEYOND THAT PHYSICAL UNDERSTANDING OF A HOME. iT can’t be disconnected. Urban geographers have. . . Home is spatial . . . But even more . . . Other geogrpahers have done . . . This is because home. . . Home transcends. . . It’s the wider connection. Homes do not exist in isolation. Think anout the networks in coquitlam, maple ridge, etc. The idea of dwelling and coexistence that is enabled by geographic space. Notes On Community AT FIRST GLANCE . . . In popular usage. . . However, community is complex. . . We intuitively know what community means. Community is a slippery complex term. Think of the internet as a virtual community. For community you don’t neccisarly have to be in the same place to be a community (think of basketball community or Persian community) Early approach to community . . . Commnuty has a long history . . . In 1887 tonnies drew. . . Tonnies was mainly . . . He equates the close knit . . . On the other hand . . . He was saying when you’re in the city it’s very individualistic, you don’t really have connection with ppl. You’re really concerned with yourself and getting by etc. Even though he held. . . th Drawing on the 19 century . . . Social solidarity - asspcoatopm For Durkheim . . . The Chicago School The idea of community . . . ***You need to know the Chicago school for exam*** Read a ch. By Phil Hubbard where he breaks down some of the ideas of Chicago school. In City Worlds, read about Chicago school (Massey). You have to break it down in the exam, how it came to be, what their goal was, some of their key ideas “natural communities”, the “concentric zone theory”. It‟s quite easy.Maybe mention the plant ecology thing. Know these: Competition, ecological dominance, invasion and succession. Give context that they were based in Chicago – immagrents coming in for survival and coming together, living together based on the idea of familiarity, commonness. Through the work . . . In direct parallel with the ecology of plant . . . Plants were defined according to community or habitats. The more powerful ones, through invasion will be able to INVADE any community. The Chicago school argued that diff social groups. . . Each natural area. . . The idea of a struggle going on as with a plant species invading another plant speicies habitat. Each area exhibits . . . Concentric Zone Model They used this model to delineate this idea of community ‘zone of transition community’ according to them you’d find slums and ghettos. Robert Park was anti ethnic and he compaered the clusters to little villages that are symbolic of where the ppl migrated from. Zone of workers homes – slightly better, ppl left that area of transition and moved into this area. How to define various communities in the concentric zone model – know for exam The city moving out from the center. Ernest Burgess developed. . . The process of invasion and succession is what carries it outward. For burgess. . . In the center. . . The next zone after the loop is zone in transition . . . Previously a high class. . . Residents lived in slum . . . Beyond this is zone of workers homes. . . Mainly blue collar workers who’ve excaped zone of transition by trying to move up the social ladder. Next is residential zone . . . Basically the American dream, bigger house ina nice apartment. Furthest out is commuter zones. The Chicago school approach was taken to task. . . Largely discredited. They were seen as being anti ethnic and they relied too much on the plant ecology model. Ppl don’t necisarly want to conform to stereotype (Persian wanting to live in north van). Those are cri
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