Eighteenth - Century Imperialism 1700 ce to 1800 ce
Whole world population went up.
China 350 million people (doubled population)
India 200 million
North America 2.5 million people (10 times more)
14.5 million in 1800
GuangZhou one of the biggest cities at this time
Dacca, Patna also two of them.
Monocultures was one of the reasons that brought this population boom
Mainly this period potatoes or rice. However, this was risky because if you lose one crop,
you re in risk of starvation
Urbanization at this time created poor health at city.
Typhus, Cholera were typical common diseases because of water in the city got mixed up
with sewage water
However, science and healthcare were developing fast at this time. Modern medicine:
2 big diseases were stopped: Small pox and Scurvy
Scurvy: Jones Lind discovered the cure. 1740 - 1744. (George Anson led a naval expedition
with 1900 people and 1400 people died to scurvy.) The treatment is to use lime and
Smallpox: Inoculation was the treatment
Some other diseases: Yellow Fever, Cholera, and Malaria
China expanding by sea, land. Tibet, Vietnam, etc
Alongside China, European expansion. Japan, India etc
Robert Clives 1725 - 1774
Took over Bengal at 1756 with 1000 people. Out numbered 12 to 1.
Started conquering more India
Ottoman Empire at this time stopped expanding and on a decline. Muslim population loss.
IN 1798, France invaded Egypt and Syria. From this point on, Ottoman lost control of this
region. Some states, such as Arabia, stopped paying taxes.
Muhammad Lbn Abd Al-Wahhab.. 1703 - 1787. Wahhabism. Founded of Saudi Arabia
By 1789, Ottoman Empire known as The sick man of Europe