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Lecture 3

HUM 102W Lecture 3: HUM 102W - Lecture 3

Course Code
HUM 102W
Alessandra Capperdoni

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HUM 102W Lecture 3
May 23, 2019
Book IV: The Truce erupts in war
o Homer focuses on the individuality of certain characters to remind the reader
what the costs of war are
o No consequences for the immortals and their destiny
o Humans are always facing death
o Great Ajax Telamon
Described as huge, tall, and very massive
o Little Ajax Oileus
Once Troy is taken, Little Ajax is responsible for the rape of the
Princess Cassandra
o The armor of Achilles Odysseus will able to get his armor
o Patriarchal society and patrilineage the rule of the father is emphasized in
Agamemnon’s speech
o Double level in terms of major and minor characters
The importance of the (545-565) passage:
Homer emphasizes that these deaths are meaningless
The poet reminds the reader that the price of death is very
Anthemion (anthen)
“The king’s majestic scorn” (1. 469)
o The Gods are always involved in the war but can only cheer the warriors on or
accelerate the process
Book V: Diomedes fights the Gods
o Arestia: prowess in battle
Patroclus Achilles’ best friend
Achilles (the most important one) limitations of the human are
o Aristos: the best
Cracy the rule of
Aristocracy the rule of the best
o Arete: excellence (used for both genders)
o Aeneas’s horses
Immortal horses - in some cases animals are immortal
Some of Achilles’ horses are immortal
Aeneas and the gods
o The arestia is a typical stock scene that the poet uses
o In an arestia scene, there are the moments of armoring of the hero, the fighting
of the warrior, the turning tide, wounding of the hero, fighting warriors/death
and lastly fighting over the body
o The consequences of war are the loss of many warriors
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