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Lecture 12

IS 220 Lecture 12: April 3, 2017

International Studies
Course Code
IS 220
Stuart Parker

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1. April 3, 2017
Cultural vs. Material Explanations
1. State Magic – Irene Silverblatt
2. Self-Control
3. Signs of Election
4. Enclosure of Farmland – resulting dispossession – English state had
to create ‘neighbor’
5. The rise of voluntary corporation
1. Joint-stock corporations
2. Formal corporations – English theatre
6. Anglo-Sphere – English speaking states dominate the world
collectively because they have a shared set of assumptions about
how the world works
1. The imperial system is a larger system
Anglesphere vs Coal Belt
7. Culturalist explanations
1. Webers Spirit of Capitalism
8. Materlialist explanantion
1. Virgin Soil epidemics
9. Massive concentration of easily accessible coal
1. France, Great Britain, Germany/Prussia, Belgium
1. Franco-Prussian War of 1870 over coal
2. At 1900, France, Germany, England, US, Belgium: over 80% of
global coal production (Great Bristian: nearly half of global
production itself)
Inequalities of coal in natural environments
10. Coal exploration is very difficult and expensive
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11. Many successful states contained low-land coal deposits and had
access to canals
12. Spain and Portugal – coal deposits are in elevated areas
1. Had geography ill suited to canal use, very little canal
2. Their coal deposits were discovered far later
13. This geographic distribution
Earliest coal mines were ‘open-pit mines’
Early coal mines were concentrated around Belgium, Luxembourg, the
Netherlands, bordered by France and Germany
14. There was a delay between the discovery of coal and its
application as an energy source
Germany came into being because of COAL
15. Prussia – Prussians observed that by conquering other German
speaking places, they could cease vast amounts of coal
16. By 1870, Prussia was large enough to launch conquest that
unified all of present day Germany, and seized the most valuable
French coal deposits – Al sas, Lorraine
17. ‘Germany’ soon had colonies in Africa
the British empire lost most of its colonies in the American Revolution –
18. 1812 – looked like ti was going to loose all of British North
it appeared in the early 19th century that the global colonial systems of
Britaain and Fracne were collapsing
19. there were fears that the Western hemiphers decolonization
would spread into the eastern hemisphers
BUT coal technology moved from being an industrial production thing into
being a transportation technology
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