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PHIL 120W (84)
Sam Black (30)
Lecture

Theory Table

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 120W
Professor
Sam Black
Semester
Fall

Description
T HEORY E XPERT D ESCRIPTION D ISADVANTAGES Psychological egoism Everyone acts according to their own interests, our psychology makes us act thUnfalsifiable Ethical Egoism People ought to act to satisfy their own interests Endorses immoral/evil actions Bentham “Pushpin is as good as poetry” Mill What would promote the greatest amount of happiness for those that would be Utilitarianism “Better to be Socrates affected? dissatisfied than a pig satisfied” Higher vs. lower pleasures Competent judges  Fails to consider rights and justice (act Perform the action that has the best consequences or promote greater happiness utilitarianism in particular) Whether you should keep a promise depends on the consequences of that particularard to know the long-term consequences Act Utilitarianism promise. It’s what leads to the conclusion that you can do anything that has the bestto consider special/close relationships consequences.  What policies or rules tend to promote the greatest happiness?  It may be that a general policy of keeping promises would lead to a greater Rule Utilitarianism happiness than alternative policies. If so, then I should keep my promise not to tell
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