T HEORY E XPERT D ESCRIPTION D ISADVANTAGES
Psychological egoism Everyone acts according to their own interests, our psychology makes us act thUnfalsifiable
Ethical Egoism People ought to act to satisfy their own interests Endorses immoral/evil actions
“Pushpin is as good as
Mill What would promote the greatest amount of happiness for those that would be
Utilitarianism “Better to be Socrates affected?
dissatisfied than a pig
Higher vs. lower pleasures
Competent judges Fails to consider rights and justice (act
Perform the action that has the best consequences or promote greater happiness utilitarianism in particular)
Whether you should keep a promise depends on the consequences of that particularard to know the long-term consequences
Act Utilitarianism promise. It’s what leads to the conclusion that you can do anything that has the bestto consider special/close relationships
What policies or rules tend to promote the greatest happiness?
It may be that a general policy of keeping promises would lead to a greater
Rule Utilitarianism happiness than alternative policies. If so, then I should keep my promise not to tell