Class Notes (839,189)
Canada (511,223)
POL 100 (71)
Logan M. (4)


6 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POL 100
Logan M.

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May 27, 2013 1 Lecture 4: Political Socialization and Culture 2 Culture  Culture is a broad term and encompasses, art, music, recreation, language, religion, etc.  Political Scientists are concerned with the impact that these cultural elements have upon the politics of a state Impact of culture can be upon: 1. Institutional structure for channelling politics 2. Process of decision making in that structure 3. The kind of policy issues that are at stake within a society 3 Political Culture Defined The collection of the understandings, values, attitudes, and principles of a community or society that relate to its political organization, processes, disputes, and public policies. 4  Out of a society’s political culture come important beliefs and values that structure the citizen’s attitudes and expectations toward such basic political concepts as legitimacy, power, authority, and obedience. 5 Categories of Attitudes and Orientations • Affective:- based on emotional reactions, symbolic • Cognitive:- orientation to a political object based on an individual’s knowledge – real or believed • Evaluative:- based on analysis of facts and feelings May 27, 2013 6 Political Socialization  We are influenced by our surroundings, and our environment  This socialization creates our political culture: – ‘Set of attitudes, beliefs, and values that underpin any political system’ – Evolve over time  Many influences: media, government, interest groups, parties, form of political system 7 Political Socialization  Can be formal – Through education, for instance: learning about Canadian political system, singing anthem at school  Informal – Influence of our families and peers, for instance – Moral and ethical values learned during upbringing  May lead to very divergent results – Consider varied political ‘cultures’ in Canada 8 Public Opinion  How public views are expressed in public discourse  Often shown through opinion polls: – ‘Investigation of public opinion conducted by interviewing a sample of citizens’ 9 Public Opinion and Public Policy May 27, 2013  Regardless of controversy, governments will use public opinion to create or change policy  Should be seen as a ‘cycle’: opinion informs policy, which affects opinion  Analysis of public opinion is a significant field in political studies 10 Media and Politics  Always a major player in politics, but arguably more influential today  AKA: ‘fourth estate’: other estates: clergy, nobles, commoners  A ‘check’ on the power of government  Age of Internet means non-stop news reporting and access to all forms of opinion 11 Perils and Promise of Media  Wide options should present us with more information  Media has become more ‘market’ oriented  Information is often presented in a ‘packaged’ format, with little difference from each source  With so much choice, do we get variety of opinion, or just what we look for? 12 Control of Media  Most major outlets today owned by major corporations – Many are owned by the same companies  Government subsidies or even ownership can affect bias in reporting 13 May 27, 2013 Civil Society  ‘Actions and organization of private citizens around shared goals,
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