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Lecture 3

PSYC 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Headache, Aspirin, Reinforcement

Course Code
PSYC 102
Sherri Atwood

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Operant conditioning
B.F. Skinner: The Role of Reinforcement and Punishment
Operant behavior: Behavior that an organism produces that has some
impact on the environment; coined by B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)
Demonstrated using the operant chamber or Skinner Box
Reinforcer: Any stimulus or event that functions to increase the likelihood
of the behavior that led to it; more effective than punishment in promoting
Positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement
Punisher: Any stimulus or event that functions to decrease the likelihood of
the behavior that led to it
Positive punishment and negative punishment
Primary reinforcers satisfy biological needs and secondary reinforcers are
associated with primary reinforcers
Overjustification effect: Circumstances when external rewards can
undermine the intrinsic satisfaction of performing a behavior
If the organism is learning associations between its behavior and the resulting
events, it is...
Operant conditioning involves adjusting to the consequences of our behaviors, so
we can easily learn to do more of what works, and less of what doesn’t work.
We may smile more at work after this repeatedly gets us bigger tips.
We learn how to ride a bike using the strategies that don’t make us crash.
How it works:
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