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Lecture 8

PSYC 241 Lecture 8: PSYC 241 – WEEK 8 (Lecture)

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PSYC 241
Shannon Zaitsoff

1 PSYC 241 WEEK 8 (Lecture) PERSONALITY DISORDERS Significant categorical change with DSM5 Were formally on axis II life long disorders (unlikely to change over time) o Got rid of the axis system in DSM5 o More and more over time, there is more evidence that personality disorders DO change over time Maladaptive traits fluctuate over time Maladaptive traits seems to be more prevalent during times of stress These disorders can be quite interfering with a persons life Personality Disorders Inflexible and maladaptive personality traits o CAUSE IMPAIRMENT! Causes interpersonal problems Personality traits that get in the way of happy and healthy relationships with other people Personality is nonresponsive to context o Personality traits stay the same no matter the situation Restricted range of traits relative to people without a personality disorder DSM5 Criteria for Defining Personality Disorders Criterion A: manifested in multiple areas o Across situations and people Criterion B: enduring, rigid, consistent o Across time, situation, and people Criterion C: causes clinically significant distress Criterion D: stability and long duration Criterion E: cannot be accounted for by another disorder DSM 5 Personality Clusters Cluster A: Odd and Eccentric (WEIRD) o Paranoid: Pervasive suspiciousness of others o Schizoid: Emotional Detachment Dont care about relationships o Schizotypal: Eccentric behaviour and social isolation Doesnt quite meet criteria for a psychotic disorder Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic (WILD) o Antisocial: Disregard for others, rulebreaking, impulsive o Borderline: Labile mood, unstable relationships o Histrionic: Attentionseeking, dramatic emotional displays o Narcissistic: Grandiosity, egocentricity Cluster C: Anxious and Fearful (WORRIED)
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