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Lecture 2

PSYC 268 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Miranda Warning, General Jurisdiction, Precedent


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 268
Professor
Deborah Connolly
Lecture
2

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PSYC 268 – Fall 2012
Week 2 Book Readings: Chapter 1
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND PSYCHOLOGY
FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGYpractice of psychology within or in conjunction with either or both
sides of the legal system (legal and civil)
- Application of the science and profession of psychology to questions and issues relating to law
and the legal system (American Board of Forensic Psychology, 2007)
- Professional practice by psychologists who foreseeably and regularly provide professional
psychological expertise to the judicial system (APA, 2001)
- A field that involves the application of psychological research, theory, practice, and traditional
specialized methodology to a legal question (Goldstein, 2003)
- Scientific study of the effect the law has on people, and the effect people have on the law (Ogloff
and Finkelmann, 1999)
HISTORY OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
-Hugo Munsterberg – director of Harvard’s Psychological Laboratory in the 1900s
oStrong advocate of the application of psychological research to legal issues
oHis claims for the contributions of psychology to law were not supported by empirical
research
-Jay Ziskin (and Eric Dreikurs) was the driving force of law and psychology, and led to the
development of the American Psychology-Law Society (AP-LS)
THE ROLES OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGISTS
-Psychological evaluation and expert testimony regarding criminal forensic issues such as trial
competency, waiver of Miranda Rights, criminal responsibility, death penalty mitigation, battered
woman syndrome, domestic violence, drug dependence, and sexual disorders
-Testimony and evaluation regarding civil issues such as personal injury, child custody,
employment discrimination, mental disability, product liability, professional malpractice, civil
commitment, and guardianship
-Assessment, treatment, and consultation regarding individuals with a high risk for aggressive
behavior in the community, in the workplace, in treatment settings, etc
-Research, testimony, and consultation on psychological issues impacting the legal process such
as eyewitness testimony, jury selection, children’s testimony, repressed memories, etc
-Specialized treatment service to individuals involved with the legal system
- Consultation to lawmakers about public policy issues with psychological implications
- Consultation and training to law enforcement, criminal justice, and correctional systems
- Consultation and training to mental health systems and practitioners on forensic health issues
-Mediation and conflict resolution
-Policy and program development in the psychology-law arena
- Teaching, training, and supervision or graduate students, psychology, and psychiatry
interns/residents, and law students
Professional Associations and Publications
- American Psychology-Law Society (AP-LS)
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