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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 Narrative

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 358
Sherri Atwood

PSYCHOLOGY 358 LECTURE 7: NARRATIVE APPROACH - Narratives are a version of reality; a perspective - Schools and family enculture children into preferred narrative structures Purpose of Narrative - Identity – to make sense of ourselves and others; how we make sense of experiences o We situate ourselves in family and society through the choices we make as we narrate  i.e. “I hit him,” vs. “I defended myself” o - Tying past, present and future together Structure of Narratives - Purpose of the story informs how we tell it (structure) - In part constitute our memory; they help us remember, explain, understand, reinterpret events, change our thinking, cope - Chronology makes the narrative hearable and coherent - MASTER NARRATIVE –culture-wide ideologies shaping the big-N o What the social norm is, what is expected - BIG-N – themes that speakers develop in their stories about the topic, and in support of what they tell o whether, how and why something is the way it is o i.e. We’re not close because of the age gap, we’re really different, we have clashing personalities, etc - SMALL-N – accounts of specific events or interactions o Usually reported speech, dialogue, details, etc. Role of the Listener - Generic backchannels – monitor the (1) quality of the conversation, (2) act as continuers (uh huh, yeah, go on), (3) add nno new content (mmm) occur at appropriate places o Understands that the speaker holds the floor - Specific responses – wincing, exclaiming (No way!), assessments (I don’t think that..) o More co-narrationWho doesn’t get to tell stories? - May vary by culture - Children in America o Deemed as unreliable or less competent storytellers o Children’s resistance: refusals, rejections, mockery, minimal feedback, insult, teasing Who gets to tell stories? - Person with problem or missed opportunity o Telling stories as a means of coping with something going
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