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Lecture 4

SA 150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Structural Functionalism, White-Collar Crime, Labeling Theory

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SA 150
Amie Mc Lean

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Lecture 4 January 28th 4/19/2013 1:27:00 AM
Star can represent the stars that Jewish people had to wear
Crime: the violation of society’s formally enacted criminal law
Deviant but not criminal:
Talking while the prof is talking
Biology and deviance
Believed that we can find deviance from biological differences
The social foundations of deviance
What is deviant in one society is normal in another
Aka deviance varies with cultural norms
Cultural universals: taboos against incest, what we find humorous
Deviance varies based on cultural norms and based on history
Nelson Mandela
People become deviant as others define them that way
Norms and deviance involve social power
Structural functionalism
Merton and strain theory
Strain theory suggests that everyone measures things the same way
Main critique is that not everybody shares the same ideas of how to evaluate
right and wrong
The law in its majestic equality forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep
under bridges
Social conflict theory and deviance
1. Norms/laws reflect the interest of the powerful
2. Powerful can resist deviant labels
White collar crime: causes detriment on society
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