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Canada (493,760)
SA 150 (166)


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Simon Fraser University
Sociology and Anthropology
SA 150
Amie Mc Lean

Ch.6: Social stratification February-25-13 12:26 PM • Thinking critically about how we feel social stratification(SS) • How social structures can limit access to resources and opportunities • Important about SS: they look at issues of SS as a product of social processes that are involved • Social stratification: persistent patterns of social inequality a. Relates the the layers of society b. People in top strata get to enjoy greater prestige than those in lower strata • Strata and ineqaulity are built into the system • Social stratification: 4 principles • It is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences • Affects lives of all of us. For e.g. children born into wealthy family vs. child born into poor fam • Emphasis in individual determinism but tends to ignore social barriers that are faced (ie barriers based on race, gender and class etc..) • Social research proves that social success is not primarily based on hard work. Family is what affects social standings.---Inequality in Canada is significantly affected by gender and race • Research tells us that education is key to social mobility • It carries on from generation to generation • Parents pass on social position to their children • Social mobility: Ability to change position in social hierarchy --> more opportunities of social mobility in Canada • Caste System: closed stratification system where theres not a lot of room for movement (social mobility) --> trait of caste: relatively conflict free b/c of the vast power differential b/c very little deviance of the lower class in fear of the upper class. Endogmy: expected to marry within your caste(social strata) • Class system: system of social stratification that is based on both birth and individual merit • Social class: group of people who share similar characteristics (of wealth, power and prestige) --> Social class affects virtually every aspect of our lives. Affects the socialization of children and affects the likelihood of being a victim of crime • 4 general social classes in Canda: • Upper class (highest level of wealth and education), middle class(40-50% of canadian sociaty, tremendous amnt of cultural influence), working class(lower income, no accumulated wealth passed on from generation to generation), 1/3rd of population, • lower class( those working just to get by, those in rural area are more at risk of being poor, 1/3rd of homeless are entire families, life expectancy for homeless person is 39yrs half ) --> class remain as a life as death for most canadians. B.C. has the highest rate of child poverty • Boundaries of a class system are more fluid than caste. However issues of ascribed status still play a role • Ascribed status(something ascribed at birth) : status is something given without choice and is beyond individual control(gender, race, so on) i. Feminization of poverty: women represent an increasing
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