PSYC 1030H Lecture Notes - Spaced, Robert Sommer, Proxemics

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Environmental psychology: the study of how people interact with their social and physical environments, a sub-discipline of psychology, or interdisciplinary, cpa environmental section, apa div 34, robert sommer (1929- ) Early theorists: observed differences in learning environments (personal experience, argued buildings should be built for function first, not form (eg. pruit-igoe, saint-louis) Human-environment relations: the environment , influences behaviour, shapes our perception and cognition (eg. fog, creativity, affects our health and well-being, early emphasis was on crowding, urban stressors (violence), vs. modern research on ecological sustainability and health care. Features of the social and physical space: can be conducive (or not) to needs, goals (eg. airplane over la school) Human use of space: territory, spaced, linear, markers protect area (personal, time, influence burglary- more personal it is, says mine . Human response to crowding: equilibrium model, people"s susceptibility to crowding stress depends on their personal attributes, social factors, cultural norms, and conditions of the physical environment (stokols, 1972)

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