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Nov 2112 Political Systems.pdf

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University of Alberta
Dan Syrotuik

Nov 21/12: Political Systems November-21-12 8:00 AM Political Systems and Social Organization - Social groupings like kinship and marriage are used to solve basic problems. - When necessary, other groupings are formed to solve social problems. Functions of Political Systems - To make decisions on behalf of the people - Exercise a form of social control Key Terms - Power: the ability to bring about results. - Authority: the ability to take action through an ascribed status (is a title or power that other people give to you. Ex. You can elect someone to make these decisions) - Influence: the ability to achieve a desired end by exerting social or moral pressure ○ You get this through an achieved status (a status you gain by the things you do) What is Political Anthropology? - Power ○ Who has it? ○ Degrees of power ○ Bases of power ○ Political vs. religious power ○ Forms of government ○ Social conflict ○ Social control ○ Law ○ Morality Social Stratification - Access to power can be influenced by: ○ Age ○ Gender ○ Socioeconomic class ○ Occupation ○ Personal reputation ○ Ascribed status ○ Achieved status Types of Political Organizations - Bands & Tribes: ○ Informal leadership (influence) - Chiefdoms & States: ○ Formal leadership
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