Nov 23/12: Political Systems
- Members of the group decide how the conflict should be resolved and use their influence to enforce the sanction.
○ Sometimes called adhoc courts.
○ People who are knowledgeable about the conflict and those who are influential decide the outcome of the dispute
○ Influential members are generally part of the decision process.
○ Common in societies that lack central leadership and the concept of authority.
Courts of Mediation
- A neutral third party is chosen by both sides to mediate the dispute.
- The mediator is usually someone respected in the community (Big Men)
- Because both sides have chosen the mediator, they usually abide by the decision of the mediator.
Courts of Adjudication
- A third party is given the power to determine guilt or innocence and has the authority to enforce the ruling.
The adjudicator can have authority as mandated by the state and/or by religious beliefs. (i.e. ascribed status)
- Authority derived from religious beliefs are known as trial-by-ordeal.
Courts of Regulation
- These courts only exist in Sta