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Nov 2312 Political Systems.pdf

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Dan Syrotuik

Nov 23/12: Political Systems November-23-12 7:57 AM Incipient Courts - Members of the group decide how the conflict should be resolved and use their influence to enforce the sanction. ○ Sometimes called adhoc courts. ○ People who are knowledgeable about the conflict and those who are influential decide the outcome of the dispute ○ Influential members are generally part of the decision process. ○ Common in societies that lack central leadership and the concept of authority. Courts of Mediation - A neutral third party is chosen by both sides to mediate the dispute. - The mediator is usually someone respected in the community (Big Men) - Because both sides have chosen the mediator, they usually abide by the decision of the mediator. Courts of Adjudication - A third party is given the power to determine guilt or innocence and has the authority to enforce the ruling. The adjudicator can have authority as mandated by the state and/or by religious beliefs. (i.e. ascribed status) - - Authority derived from religious beliefs are known as trial-by-ordeal. Courts of Regulation - These courts only exist in Sta
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