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ART H101 Lecture Notes - Archaic Smile, Krater, Geometric Art


Art History
Course Code
ART H101

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October 22, 2013
Ancient Greek and Hellenistic Art
Greeks are the beginning of the classical world.
o Pass down the idea of heroes, athletic people who are the image of a
o after the Mycenaean domination of the region ends, , a cultural decline
then the classical dark period
o Hellas- area where Greek was spoken, Greek inhabited, mainland and
the Peloponnese, not a country, spoke the same language, worshipped
the same gods
o Attica-whole land that was influences or ruled by Athens
-Athens had about 30000 citizens
o Polis-city states
-a person that lives in a city state has rights, not just protection but eights
to have a say in the affairs of the state, input into what the laws will be
-Greeks bring in the idea of direct democracy
-different idea of how they defined a citizen, that was restricted, to
aristocrats, males, land holders,
-male sons become citizen at a certain Aegean
-wives and children are property
o Greek gods are very much human, same weaknesses, characters, only
difference is they are powerful and immortal, you must give them things,
sacrifices, build them houses
o Temenos-large expanded sanctuary cites, religious festivals, communal
events, sporting events, oplypius, shrines
o Delphi-oracle site, temple dedicated to Apollo, heavily visited, wealthy
because people will pay to ask advice about what the future will hold
o Artists are now signing things because they want people to know that
they made them different attitude that paved the way for transformation
o Greek vase painting is divided into different stylistic phases

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o Anything before 900BC tell us something that is happening on the
mainland that is more organized as a culture, called proto geometric
o 9-700BC, referred to as the geometric period, geometric looking, parallel
development painted vessels
o Athens is one center and another is Corinth-what comes out of there is
more organic animal motifs, eastern influence, Asia minor(Persia)
-Corinthian-art from Corinth
-eastern motifs are called orientalising
o Different kinds of vases:
-Archaic period-600BC colors, black figure technique, ordinary is called
red figure
-Amphora-vessel with various sizes,
-Psykter-wine cooler
-Hydria-catch water, water jug, wider base, 3 handles
-Olpe-pouring jug, pitcher,
-Kylix-drinkning cup, thin stand, wide and shallow
1. Bell Krater-the simplest term, looks like a bell,
2. Calyx Krater-fancier one
3. Volute Krater-large decorative handle
o Proto geometric-broad areas of color, ways of decorating the vases
o Geometric amphora-tightly packed with bands of geometric ornaments,
could be used as grave markers, if handles are on belly=for woman, on
neck=for man
o Dypolon-grave area, where grave makers were used
o Prosthesis scene-funerary scene, mourning, dead person laying,
surrounded by mourners, family members
o shows wailing woman
o symposium-male society, started for intellectual reasons, then later
became more like parties, social activity only open to men
-men would bring vessels to their friends when they passed
o Hydria-shows the activities of women
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