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Lecture 8

CLASS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Moirai, Hemera, Hieros Gamos


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLASS102
Professor
Katherine Mac Kay
Lecture
8

Page:
of 2
muses: children of zeus, inspire art
Cosmogony is the theogony
Creation
-physical universe is made up of gods: earth, sky, ocean, etc
-not a sacred text
nobody had to believe what Hesiod’s work
Children of Chaos
-in the beginning there was only chaos (the abyss)
chaos: to yawn or gap, a place of opening or nothingness
-Gaea (earth) — a place
-tartarus (underworld) — a place
-eros (attraction) — a concept of sexuality (sexual reproduction)
cupid
force of sexual attraction
-“loveliest of all the immortals”
-mythic geography
olympus, middle,tartarus
-3 realms
-nyx and erebus (night and darkness)
features of chaos
get together and create radiance (aether) and day (hemera)
moerae (fate): only from nyx, how long you gonna live, how your life is gonna be like
nemesis (retribution): only from nyx, thing that comes and gets you if you misbehave
creation of physical shape
creation of temporal (time) shape
Creation of social shape
-moerae, nemesis, horae
Gaea
-mother of all things
-asexual and sexual reproduction
-fertility personified
-she is literal earth and also a earth mother goddess
-things that come from her are anthropomorphic in form and temperament
-asexually: uranus (sky), mountains, pontus
-Sexually (with uranus) —> heros games (sacred marriage), unity of sky and earth
12 titans
-oceanus (ocean): physical feature and a god, fresh water river that surrounds the world
-tethys: sea goddess, wife of oceanus
they are the parents of all the rivers and gods that are connected to the rivers
-Phoebe: brilliant, shining, connected to prophecy,
-mnemosyne: memory
get together with zeus and create muses
-themis: law that is given, law that is settled
occupied delphi before apollo
gets together with zeus and create moerae and horse
-iapetus: atlas and prometheus
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
-Cronus + rhea : parents or grandparents of the olympians
cyclopes (round eyes)
-not the cyclopes in Homer
-acts blacksmith for zeus
-they represent physical aspects of zeus’ realm
hecatonchires (100 handers)
-100 hand and 50 heads
-forces of nature
-sometimes she nice sometime she mean
-the things she's creating are things that are part of the earth
Hyperion children
-hyperion: he who goes above
-+Theia/Euryphaessa: sky powers
helius (sun god)
-falls in life with clymene (queen of Ethiopia)
-the folktale myth has a meaning behind it
selene (moon goddess)
-+endymion (human king)
gets permission from zeus to put him in eternal sleep
50 daughters
eos (dawn goddess)
-Aurora
-rosy fingered Dawn
-sky god (has wings)
-falls in love with a human being and asks god to give him eternal life but forgets to ask
for eternal youth so he gets old eventually she loses interest in him cuz he’s old
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com